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Table 1 Serious reportable surgical events ("never-events"), as defined by the National Quality Forum (NQF consensus report, update 2006)

From: The 5th anniversary of the "Universal Protocol": pitfalls and pearls revisited

Surgical "never-events"
1. Surgery performed on the wrong body part.
2. Surgery performed on the wrong patient.
3. Wrong surgical procedure performed on a patient.
4. Unintended retention of a foreign object in a patient after surgery or other procedure.
5. Intraoperative or immediate postoperative death in an ASA class I patient.