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Table 2 Case descriptions of surgical adverse events

From: The incidence, root-causes, and outcomes of adverse events in surgical units: implication for potential prevention strategies

Non preventable surgical adverse events
Pneumonia after thoracotomy, resulting in artificial ventilation and antibiotics
Adverse drug (propofol and sufentanil) reaction (bronchospasm and exanthem), resulting in extra treatment with medication
Incisional hernia after laparotomy resulting in readmission and reoperation
Infection tissue expander head, resulting in a readmission, operative removal and a reconstructive procedure
Wound leakage and sepsis after colorectal anastomosis, resulting in a reoperation, ICU admission (artificial ventilation), prolonged hospital stay and repeated outpatient clinical visits
Preventable surgical adverse events
Surgery taking place at the wrong site during kidney transplantectomy, resulting in an extra incision of the skin
Urosepsis after operation on femur fracture caused by non-indicated CAD
Technical inadequate hip prosthesis, resulting in two repositions and reoperation
Inadequate nasal intubation by tonsillectomy, resulting in tear off concha, bleeding and reoperation
Spinal anaesthesia in non-treated hypertension, resulting in hypotension, coma and contributed to death.