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Table 7 A selection of well-known interventions to reduce surgical adverse events tailored to the selected prevention strategies in this study

From: The incidence, root-causes, and outcomes of adverse events in surgical units: implication for potential prevention strategies

Main potential prevention strategies selected by the surgeon reviewers (see Table 6)

Interventions to reduce the incidence of surgical adverse events

Quality assurance/peer review (Continuously monitoring quality and assessment of health care workers performance by individuals in the same field)

Patient record review [44, 45]

Morbidity and mortality conferences [46, 47]

Incident reporting [44, 48]

Training (improving (re) training programs for skills needed)

Training for improvement of skills and for implementation of new techniques (e.g. simulation training) [2931]

Improving training and supervision of residents [26]

Evaluation (evaluating the current way of behaving regarding safety)

Multisource feedback to asses performance [49]

Portfolio of competence and performance [50]

Procedures (improving formal and informal procedures)

Localizing specific surgical procedures and surgeries to high-volume centers [32, 33, 38]

Improve compliance to existing protocols and guidelines for infection prevention: appropriate use of antibiotic prophylaxis, hand hygiene, sterilization of instruments, minimum number of persons in the operation theatre, reduction of door movements during operations [15, 3843]

Information and communication (improving available sources of information, communication structures and medical record keeping)

Operation room briefing with team communication checklist [3436]

Application of aviation-style crew resource management to improve teamwork [37]

Improvement of completeness and adequacy of patient information and record keeping [53]