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Table 3 Mean likert scores of opinions of respondents belonging to different specialties

From: Malpractice awareness among surgeons at a teaching hospital in Pakistan

  GS1 CS2 NE3 OP4 OT5 PL6 PS7 OS8 OM9 GO10 P-value*+
Foreign Object Left in Patient 4.32 4.19 3.94 3.35 4.00 4.10 4.00 4.15 2.60 4.32 NS
Wrong Procedure 4.00 3.69 4.29 3.00 3.77 2.76 2.89 3.51 4.42 4.96 NS
Failure to Obtain Consent 4.21 4.21 3.55 4.59 3.55 3.17 2.28 3.25 2.87 3.69 NS
Failure to Treat 3.45 3.42 3.90 3.55 3.33 2.85 3.00 3.19 1.89 3.20 NS
Wrong Site 4.76 3.25 3.19 4.23 3.29 3.40 3.56 4.00 2.51 3.35 NS
Damage to Organs 3.44 4.45 4.24 3.58 3.55 3.00 4.79 2.12 2.77 3.35 NS
Surgery on Wrong Patient 3.86 3.19 3.37 2.75 4.50 3.16 4.24 4.13 2.48 2.89 NS
Unnecessary Surgery 2.24 3.91 4.42 3.68 3.49 2.38 3.61 3.00 2.95 4.39 <0.001
Delayed Diagnosis 3.68 4.52 4.28 3.25 3.26 2.83 3.79 2.87 3.13 3.28 NS
Complications after Surgery 3.85 3.62 3.95 3.68 3.04 2.71 4.17 3.42 3.04 4.16 0.002
Anesthesia Errors 3.56 3.77 3.29 3.63 3.75 2.68 3.77 3.09 2.89 4.24 NS
Misdiagnosis 3.55 4.04 4.23 3.48 3.68 3.25 3.64 1.69 3.00 3.44 NS
Failure to Refer to a Specialist 4.09 3.19 3.55 3.25 2.52 3.48 3.81 2.79 3.72 4.32 0.044
Cosmetic Errors 2.96 2.71 2.56 3.50 3.45 3.84 3.00 3.00 3.83 2.81 0.023
Inappropriate Postoperative Care 3.15 3.72 2.26 3.00 2.52 3.00 3.13 4.04 3.32 2.90 0.014
Unintentional Incision 2.95 3.39 3.86 4.16 3.43 2.89 2.87 2.32 2.06 2.53 NS
Failure to Treat 3.45 3.42 3.90 3.55 3.33 2.85 3.00 3.19 1.89 3.20 NS
Prescription Errors 3.00 3.32 3.03 3.65 3.56 2.41 2.64 2.91 2.25 2.81 NS
Failure to Diagnose 3.00 4.28 4.00 2.72 3.48 2.00 3.00 2.00 1.26 3.43 NS
Failure to Break News in Entirety 2.77 3.43 2.52 1.47 2.29 2.72 2.61 3.40 2.94 2.97 NS
  1. *Based on Chi-square Test +NS = Not Significant.
  2. 1GS = General Surgery.
  3. 2CS = Cardiac Surgery.
  4. 3NE = Neurosurgery.
  5. 4OP = Ophthalmology.
  6. 5OT = Otolaryngology.
  7. 6PL = Plastic Surgery.
  8. 7PS = Pediatric Surgery.
  9. 8OS = Orthopedic Surgery.
  10. 9OM = Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.
  11. 10GO = Gynecology and Obstetrics.