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Table 2 Patient and procedure characteristics and causes of death in emergency and elective surgery survivors and non-survivors

From: Risk factors and mortality after elective and emergent laparatomies for oncological procedures in 899 patients in the intensive care unit: a retrospective observational cohort study

  Emergency Scheduled P value
(n = 112) (n = 787)
  Non-survivors Survivors Non-survivors Survivors  
  (n = 39) (n = 73) (n = 41) (n = 746)  
Age (years) 70 (64–71) 66 (54–74) 74 (69– 81) 66 (57–73) <0.001
Sex (male) 61.5% 63% 73% 64% 0.34
Respiratory disease 31% 8% 32% 14% 0.005
Heart disease 41% 51% 49% 43% 0.52
Chronic renal failure 15% 6.8% 4.9% 5.4% 0.075
Chronic liver disease 17% 9.6% 7.3% 7.1% 0.262
Neurological event 10.2% 3% 9.7% 10.5% 0.242
Diabetes 15.4% 22% 19.5% 17% 0.735
Metastasis 49% 15% 24% 23% 0.85
ASA classification (%)      
 2 67 84 67 81  
 3 31 16 29 17  
 4 3 0 2.5 2 0.064
Charlson Index ≥ 3 (%) 38.5 48 58.5 53.6 0.1
SRS 8.7 ± 1 8.9 ± 1 7 ± 1 7 ± 0.7 <0.001
Palliative surgery 28% 23% 15% 7% 0.01
Length of surgery, hours 2.54 ±2 3 ± 2 3.8 ± 2 4 ± 2 <0.001
Transfusion of blood products 5% 4.2% 12.3% 3.2% 0.003
Postoperative complications      
 Sepsis 28% 4% 32% 2% <0.001
 Respiratory 61.5% 8% 66% 3.5% <0.001
 Haemodynamic-cardiac 51% 10% 49% 4% <0.001
 Renal Failure 15% 3% 24% 1% <0.001
 Hepatic 0% 5.5% 19.5% 4% <0.001
 Neurological 10% 1% 15% 0.5% <0.001
Reoperation 23% 15% 25% 6% <0.001
Cause of Mortality      
 Sepsis 10 (25.6%)   12 (29%)   
 Respiratory 13 (33.3%)   15 (36.6%)   
 Haemorrhagic shock   2 (4.9%)   
 Cardiac 8 (20.5%)   8 (19.5%)   
 Neurological 3 (7.8%)   2 (4.9%)   
 Cancer 5 (12.8%)   2 (4.9%)   
  1. Data are expressed as median (range of values), mean ± standard deviation, or absolute number (%). P value refers to analysis of variance and chi-square test when indicated. ASA American Society of Anesthesiology risk score, SRS Surgical Risk Score.