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Table 1 Demographic and social data of 368 individuals after TBI

From: Subjective impact of traumatic brain injury on long-term outcome at a minimum of 10 years after trauma– first results of a survey on 368 patients from a single academic trauma center in Germany

  Mild TBI Moderate TBI Severe TBI p-value
Number of patients 229 85 54 -
Age at time of injury (years)     
Mean ± standard deviation 23.7 ± 16.6 29.0 ± 20.9 22.5 ± 16.4 0.038
Range (minimum - maximum) 1.0 - 66.0 1.0 - 76.0 1.0 - 60.0  
median 20.0 28.0 19.0  
Age at time of reexamination (years)     
Mean ± standard deviation 44.2 ± 16.9 43.4 ± 20.08 26.5 ± 16.5 0.018
Range (minimum - maximum) 12.0 - 87.0 11.0 - 87.0 12.0 - 76.0  
median 41.0 42.0 34.5  
Time to reexamination (years)     
Mean ± standard deviation 20.3 ± 6.5 14.2 ± 4.1 14.0 ± 3.9 <0.001
Number of patients <18 years 101 33 26 0.531
(%) (44.1%) (38.8%) (48.1%)  
Gender distribution (♂: ♀) 129: 100 57: 28 40: 14 0.026
Injury Severity (ISS) - 14.8 ± 7.5 21.4 ± 7.1 <0.001
New Injury Severity (NISS) - 24.3 ± 12.3 36.3 ± 14.8 <0.001
Marital status at follow-up     
  - Single 40.7% 42.2% 64.8% 0.010
 - Married or cohabitant 51.0% 50.6% 24.1%  
 - Divorced 8.3% 7.2% 11.1%  
Housing situation before TBI     
 - in rented accommodation 51.2% 46.8% 38.5% 0.249
Housing situation at follow-up     
 - in rented accommodation 50.2% 42.0% 38.5% 0.205
 - confinement in bed 0.0% 0.0% 5.6% <0.001
  1. ♂Male.
  2. ♀Female.