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Table 1 Comparison of users and non-users of the surgical safety checklist

From: Utilization of surgical safety checklists by urological surgeons in Germany: a nationwide prospective survey

Users of the checklist (n = 213) Non-Users of the checklist (n = 21) Statistical Difference
Since when do you use the checklist? Has the implementation of the checklist been tried?
Answer Options Number Per Cent Answer Options Number Per Cent  
before 2008 36 16.9 % yes, before 2010 0 0 %  
2008 16 7.5 % yes, in 2010 1 4.8 %  
2009 22 9.5 % yes, in 2011 3 14.3 %  
2010 40 17.3 % yes, in 2012 2 9.5 %  
2011 50 23.5 % yes, in 2013 4 19.0 %  
2012 39 18.3 % no 11 52.4 %  
2013 10 4.7 %     
Does a standard protocol exist for using the checklist? Does a standard protocol exist for checking perioperative patient data?
Answer Options Number Per Cent Answer Options Number Per Cent  
Yes 202 94.8 % Yes 16 76.2 % * P = 0.001
No 11 5.2 % No 5 23.8 %
Who fills out the checklist?   Who checks perioperative patient data?  
Answer Options Number Per Cent Answer Options Number Per Cent  
Surgeon 180 84.5 % Surgeon 20 95.2 %  
Anaesthetist 185 86.9 % Anaesthetist 20 95.2 %  
OR Nurse 158 74.2 % OR Nurse 15 71.4 %  
Ward Doctor 60 28.2 % Ward Doctor 11 52.4 %  
Ward Nurse 78 36.6 % Ward Nurse 9 42.9 %  
People involved per case 3.1   People involved per case 3.6   * P < 0.001
How long does it take to fill out the checklist? How long does it take to check perioperative patient data?
Answer Options Number Per Cent Answer Options Number Per Cent  
Less than 30s 28 13.1 % Less than 30s 2 9.5 % * P = 0.008
30-60s 63 29.6 % 30-60s 1 4.8 %
1-2 min 60 28.2 % 1-2 min 7 33.3 %
2-3 min 35 16.4 % 2-3 min 4 19.0 %
More than 3 min 27 12.7 % More than 3 min 7 33.3 %
How do you consider the use of the checklist? Why is the checklist not used in your clinic?
Answer Options Number Per Cent Answer Options Number Per Cent  
Reasonable and not laborious 169 79.3 % financial reasons 2 9.5 %  
Reasonable and laborious 40 18.8 % low acceptance 5 23.8 %  
Not reasonable and not laborious 0 0.0 % other reasons 9 42.9 %  
Not reasonable and laborious 4 1.9 % reason unknown 5 23.8 %  
    Are you interested in using the checklist?  
    Answer Options Number Per Cent  
    Yes 16 76.2 %  
    No 3 14.3 %  
    I don’t know 2 9.5 %  
  1. * indicates a statistically significant difference between both groups