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Table 1 Type and number of adverse events (AEs) and preventablea AEs in orthopedic care and other specialties

From: Adverse events in orthopedic care identified via the Global Trigger Tool in Sweden – implications on preventable prolonged hospitalizations

Type of AE AEs in orthopedic care n (%) AEs in other specialties excluding orthopedic care n (%) Preventablea AEs in orthopedic care n (%) Preventablea AEs in other specialties excluding orthopedic care n (%)
Healthcare-associated infection 344 (36) 1699 (33) 245 (71) 1030 (61)
 Postoperative wound infection 135 (14) 330 (6) 104 (77) 255 (77)
 Urinary tract infection 100 (11) 471 (9) 72 (72) 282 (60)
 Other infection 44 (5) 432 (8) 26 (59) 230 (53)
 Pneumonia (excluding ventilator- associated pneumonia) 32 (3) 197 (4) 17 (53) 106 (54)
 Sepsis 14 (1) 157 (3) 9 (64) 87 (55)
 Ventilator-associated pneumonia 8 (1) 27 (1) 7 (88) 20 (74)
 Central line associated infection 7 (1) 37 (1) 7 (100) 29 (78)
 Clostridium difficile positive stool 4 48 (1) 3 (75) 21 (44)
Distended urinary bladder 136 (14) 421 (8) 121 (89) 373 (89)
Surgical and other invasive AEs 130 (14) 655 (13) 82 (63) 374 (57)
 Reoperation 51 (5) 181 (4) 35 (69) 121 (67)
 Other surgical AEs 36 (4) 247 (5) 20 (56) 136 (55)
 Postoperative hemorrhage or hematoma (not requiring reoperation) 34 (4) 138 (3) 20 (59) 64 (46)
 Organ injury 7 (1) 88 (2) 5 (71) 52 (59)
 Wrong side, wrong site, wrong patient 2 1 2 (100) 1 (100,0)
Pressure ulcer (category 2–4) 89 (9) 342 (7) 85 (96) 303 (89)
Adverse drug event 59 (6) 512 (10) 41 (69) 239 (47)
Other AEs 48 (5) 302 (6) 34 (71) 139 (46)
Skin or superficial vessel AEs 40 (4) 312 (6) 34 (85) 236 (76)
Falls 35 (4) 297 (6) 29 (83) 168 (57)
Thrombosis or emboli 21 (2) 93 (2) 4 (19) 37 (40)
Failure in vital signs 18 (2) 138 (3) 8 (44) 55 (40)
Hemorrhage not connected to surgery 14 (1) 123 (2) 7 (50) 27 (22)
Neurological injury 6 (1) 23 4 (67) 7 (30)
Allergic reaction 6 (1) 74 (1) 0 14 (19)
Anesthesia related AEs 4 30 (1) 3 (75) 16 (53)
Medical technique related AEs 0 10 0 3 (30)
Postpartum or obstetric AEs 0 90 (2) 0 31 (34)
Total 950 (100) 5121 (100) 697 (73) 3052 (60)
  1. aincluding both probably preventable and preventable AEs
  2. The table is sorted on the column AEs in orthopaedic care n (%)