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Table 3 Number of adverse events (AEs) grouped in type of AEs according to severity of harm

From: Adverse events in orthopedic care identified via the Global Trigger Tool in Sweden – implications on preventable prolonged hospitalizations

Type of AE Category E n (%) Category F n (%) Category G n (%) Category H n (%) Category I n (%)
Healthcare-associated infection 151 (44) 180 (52) 10 (3) 1 2 (1)
 Urinary tract infection 78 (78) 22 (22) 0 0 0
 Postoperative wound infection 28 (21) 99 (73) 7 (5) 0 1 (1)
 Other infection 25 (57) 17 (39) 2 (5) 0 0
 Pneumonia (excluding ventilator-associated pneumonia) 7 (22) 23 (72) 0 1 (3) 1 (3)
 Central line associated infection 4 (57) 3 (43) 0 0 0
 Ventilator-associated pneumonia 4 (50) 4 (50) 0 0 0
 Clostridium difficile positive stool 3 (75) 1 (25) 0 0 0
 Sepsis 2 (14) 11 (79) 1 (7) 0 0
Distended urinary bladder 123 (90) 12 (9) 1 (1) 0 0
Pressure ulcer (category 2–4) 67 (75) 22 (25) 0 0 0
Surgical and other invasive AEs 41 (32) 78 (60) 10 (8) 1 (1) 0
 Other surgical AEs 17 (47) 15 (42) 3 (8) 1 (3) 0
 Postoperative hemorrhage or hematoma (not requiring reoperation) 16 (47) 18 (53) 0 0 0
 Reoperation 7 (14) 40 (78) 4 (8) 0 0
 Wrong side, wrong site, wrong patient 1 (50) 1 (50) 0 0 0
 Organ injury 0 4 (57) 3 (43) 0 0
Adverse drug event 32 (54) 26 (44) 0 1 (2) 0
Skin or superficial vessel AEs 31 (78) 9 (23) 0 0 0
Falls 23 (66) 10 (29) 2 (6) 0 0
Other AEs 22 (46) 25 (52) 1 (2) 0 0
Hemorrhage not connected to surgery 6 (43) 7 (50) 1 (7) 0 0
Thrombosis or emboli 5 (24) 15 (71) 1 (5) 0 0
Allergic reaction 4 (67) 2 (33) 0 0 0
Failure in vital signs 3 (17) 9 (50) 1 (6) 2 (11) 3 (17)
Anesthesia related AEs 1 (25) 3 (75) 0 0 0
Neurological injury 0 3 (50) 3 (50) 0 0
Total 509 (54) 401 (42) 30 (3) 5 (1) 5 (1)
  1. E contributed to or gave temporary harm that needed intervention, F contributed to or gave temporary harm and required outpatient care, hospital care or prolonged hospital stay, G contributed to or gave permanent patient harm, H lifesaving intervention required within 60 min, I contributed to patient’s death
  2. The table is sorted on the column Category E n (%)