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Table 6 Association of surgical site infection and surgical variable among women having obstetric surgery in Assela Teaching Hospital, April, 23, 2015 to September 5, 2015

From: Risk factors for surgical site infections in obstetrics: a retrospective study in an Ethiopian referral hospital

Variable Category SSI Crude OR(95%CI)
Yes
Number (%)
No
Number (%)
Type of Anesthesia Spinal 30(83.3%) 306(87.9%) 1
General 6(16.7%) 42(12.1%) 1.457(0.573,3.708)
Prior Cesarean section scar Yes 4(11.1%) 38(10.9%) 1.020(0.342,3.041)
No 32(88.9%) 310(89.1%) 1
Circumstance of Surgery Emergency 31(86.1%) 313(89.9%) 0.693(0.253,1.898)
Elective 5(13.9%) 35(10.1%) 1
Type of Operation Cesarean section 32(88.9%) 338(97.1%) 1
Abdominal hysterectomy 3(8.3%) 6(1.7%) 7.922(1.698,36.960)
Uterine Repair 1(2.8%) 4(1.1%) 2.641(0.286,24.340)
Type of Skin Incision Vertical Incisions 6(16.7%) 14(4%) 4.771(1.709,13.322)
Transverse Incision 30(83.3%) 334(96%) 1
Time of antibiotic admission With 30 min before surgery 22(61.1%) 252(72.4%) 1
After operation 14(38.9%) 96(27.6%) 0.662(0.138,2.624)
Type of antibiotic Ampicillin 26(72.2%) 331(95.1%) 1
Ceftriaxone &Metrindazole 10(27.8%) 17(4.9%) 7.489(3.115,18.004)
Intraoperative blood loss Less than 1000 35(97.2%) 344(98.9%) 1
Greater than 1000 1(2.8%) 4(1.1%) 2.457(0.267,22.595)
Perioperative Blood Transfusion Yes 7(19.4%) 12(3.4%) 6.759(2.471,18.489)
No 29(80.6%) 336(96.6%) 1
Acute /Chronic medical problem UTI 0 12(3.4%) 0.000
Pneumonia 1(2.8%) 8(2.3%) 1.282(0.155,10.642
HIV/AIDS 1(2.8%) 3(0.9%) 3.420(0.344,34.021
Diabetes mellitus 4(11.1%) 11(3.2%) 3.731(1.112,12.519)
Other 3(8.3%) 37(10.6%) 0.832(0.240,2.878)
No known illness 27(75%) 277(79.6%) 1