Skip to main content

Table 1 The number and kind of deviations, procedures performed, and patient characteristics

From: Exploring unnecessary invasive procedures in the United States: a retrospective mixed-methods analysis of cases from 2008-2016

Deviations from Standard of Care Procedure Performed
 Deviations >1 type 73.4%  Invasive cardiology 26.6%
 Deviations in >1 environment 48.1%  Spinal fusion/surgery 15.2%
 Repeated unnecessary procedures 97.5%  Other surgery 31.6%
 Period of unnecessary procedures    Infusion 11.4%
   < 1 year to <2 years 7.6%  Other 15.2%
  2 to <5 years 39.2% Patient Characteristics
  5 + years 53.2%  No. of patients: >30a 56.3%
 Dollar amount billed    Patient age  
   < 100,000 5.1%   Adult 22.8%
  100,000–500,000 6.3%   Senior 21.5%
  500,001–1 million 3.8%   Child 2.5%
  1,000,001–2 million 7.6%   General, mixed population 53.2%
   > 2 million 45.6% Women explicitly targeted 2.5%
  Unknown 31.6% Racial minority explicitly targeted 3.8%
   Medicare billed 73.4%
   Cases involve patient deaths 31.6%
  1. aInformation on number of patients unavailable in 15 cases. The denominator used here is 64