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Table 1 Demographics and clinical variability of examined patients with recurrent herniated disc after a lumbar disectomy

From: Incidence of early postoperative complications requiring surgical revision for recurrent lumbar disc herniation after spinal surgery: a retrospective observational study of 9,310 patients from the German Spine Register

  Early Lumbar Disc Herniation recurrence
Patients 115/9310 (1.2%)
 Gender (m/f) 50/75
 Age (years) (Median, range) 70 ± 2.50
Body Mass Index (BMI)
  < 20 (Underweight) 4 (3.5%)
 20–25 (Normal weight) 45 (39%)
 26–30 (Overweight) 45 (39%)
 31–35 (Obesity grade 1) 19 (16.8%)
  > 35 (Obesity grade 2) 2 (1.7%)
Affected segment
 L3/L4 45 (39%)
 L4/L5 47 (41%)
 L5/S1 23 (20%)
Intraoperative complications
 Dura-injury 20 (17.6%)
Postoperative complications
 CSF Leakage 3 (2.6%)
Symptoms relief
 1. Complete 84 (82%)
 2. Partial 18 (17%)
 3. None 1 (0.09%)