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Table 3 Findings of the physical exam in isolated articular, combined and shaft fractures

From: Risk factors for complications and adverse outcomes in polytrauma patients with associated upper extremity injuries

Patient Group Group IA Group C Group IS p-values
# of patients 60 52 37 n.s.
ROM > 50% (n) 53 (88.3%) 38 (73.1%) 35 (94.6%) P = 0.012#
ROM 20 – 50% (n) 2 (3.33%) 5 (9.6%) 2 (5.4%) n.s.
ROM < 20%(n) 6 (10%) 9 (17.3%) 0 (0%) n.s.
Instability elbow (n) 0 (0%) 1 (1.9%) 1 (2.7%) n.s.
Contracture (n) 5 (8.33%) 13 (25%) 4 (10.8%) P = 0.009+
Heterotopic ossification 22 (36%) 31 (59%) 5 (13%) P = 0.003#
P < 0.02§
AR 0 (0%) 4 (7.7%) 1 (2.7%) n.s.
Neurological impairment (n) 7 (11.7%) 7 (13.5%) 4 (10.8%) n.s.
Full muscle force: shoulder 54 (90%) 46 (88.5%) 36(97.3%) n.s.
Full muscle force: elbow (n) 52 (86.7%) 42 (80.8%) 37 (100%) P = 0.021§
P = 0.005#
  1. (#) Comparison between combined and shaft fractures
  2. (+) Comparison between isolated articular and combined fractures
  3. (§) Comparison between isolated articular and shaft fractures