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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of factors associayted with preoperative anxiety among adult patients undergoing elective surgery at general hospital in Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 402)

From: Preoperative anxiety among adult patients undergoing elective surgery: a prospective survey at a general hospital in Ethiopia

Variables Anxiety status COR (95% CI) AOR (95%CI) P value
Yes No
Gender Female 78 96 1 1  
Male 111 117 1.16 (.78, 1.7)   
Age 18–30 54 81 1 1  
31–45 64 82 1.11(.12, 9.80)   
46–59 46 38 0.89(.18, 4.38)   
> 60 25 12 0.90(.30,2.66)   
Residency Urban 97 116 1 1  
Rural 92 97 1.13(.76,1.67)   
Marital status Single 28 56 1 1  
Married 147 145 2.02(1.22,3.37) 1.44(.77, 2.7) 0.25
Divorced 11 1 0 2.20(.83,5.79) 1.57(0.53,4.7) 0.42
Widowed 3 2 3(0.47,19) 2.26(0.22, 23) 0.48
Proposed surgery Major 160 181 1 1  
Minor 29 32 0.975(.56, 1.68)   
Social support Poor 35 22 1 1  
Moderate 123 84 5.49(2.8, 10.7) 0.84(0.44, 1.6) 0.616
Strong 31 107 5.05(3.10, 8.2) 0.16(.07, .34) 0.00*
Educational status Illiterate 59 37 1   1
Primary 47 58 2.45(1.29, 4.6) 0.58(.31, 1.) 0.89
Secondary 57 78 1.24(.66, 2.33) 0.69(.36, 1.1) 0.25
>college 26 40 1.12(.61, 2.04) 0.59(.28, 1.21) 0.15
Surgical procedure General 65 112 .72(.39, 1.32) 0.74(.37, 1.47) 0.39
Gynecology 45 38 1.46(.74, 2.90) 1.12(.5, 2.45) 0.77
Orthopedic 13 13 1.24(.48, 3.14) 2.8(1.18,6.9) 0.20
Urologic 41 19 2.67(1.25,5.70) 1.17(.42. 3.2) 0.78
Other 25 31 1   
Previous surgery Yes 12 201 0.27(0.075, .97)   
No 3 186 1   
Chronic medical illness Yes 17 196 1.08(0.51, 2.26)   
No 14 175 1   
Substance use Yes 5 208 5.4(.06, 45.68) 9.2(.95, 88.8) .055
No 1 188 1   1
Family mental illness Yes 3 210 4(.12, 128.5)   
No 1 188 1   
  1. *variable with P value less than 0.05(Significantly association)