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Table 5 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of association between possible causes of anxiety with preoperative anxiety among adult patients undergoing elective surgery, at general hospital in Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 402)

From: Preoperative anxiety among adult patients undergoing elective surgery: a prospective survey at a general hospital in Ethiopia

Variables Anxiety status COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI) P-value
Yes No
Being received iv fluid Yes 52 161 1.01(.57,1.79)   
No 50 139 1   1
Fear of death Yes 171 42 1.3(.71,2.49)   
No 163 26 1   1
Unexpected result Yes 127 86 2.72(1.48,5.02) 3.03(1.7, 5.19) 0.001*
No 160 29 1   
Post-operative pain yes 109 136 1.41(.78, 2.5)   
No 104 53 1   1
Fear of anesthesia Yes 122 91 1.28(.73, 2.26)   
No 142 47    
Financial loss yes 98 115 1   1
No 104 85 0.75(.43, 1.29)   
Fear of disability Yes 97 116 1   1
No 120 69 0.83(.45, 1.53)   
Fear of complication Yes 146 67 1.46(.80, .26)   
No 161 28 1   1
Fear of harm from doctors /nurse mistake Yes 71 42 4.59(2.43, 8.66) 5.03(2.85, 8.8) 0.001*
No 45 144 1   1
Fear of Absence from work Yes 66 147 1   1
No 64 125 1.20(.65, 2.18)   
Family concern Yes 88 125 1   1
No 117 72 1.07(.62, 1.83)   
Need of blood transfusion Yes 72 141 2.5(1.47, 4.51) 2.7(1.65, 4.62) 0.001*
No 112 77 1   1
Cosmetic issues Yes 67 146 1   1
No 75 114 1.26(.72, 2.19)   
Unable to recover Yes 91 122 2.95(1.63, 5.34) 2.96(1.8, 4.87) 0.000*
No 134 55 1   1
Awareness during surgery Yes 64 149 0.90(.48, 1.69)   
No 64 125 1   1
Information from prev. Surgery Yes 64 149 1.16(.61, 2.20)   
No 73 116 1   1
Fear of unknown Yes 93 120 1.07(.63, 1.8)