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Table 5 Indicating coercion

From: Lack of informed consent for surgical procedures by elderly patients with inability to consent: a retrospective chart review from an academic medical center in Norway

Among the 31 charts documenting resistance from the patient:
- 7 noted that the patient removed or tried to remove i.v. lines.
- 5 specifically noted that sedation was used to circumvent resistance.
- 3 specifically noted that bed guard rails were used as a restrictive measure.
- 1 noted that medicine had been concealed in food to get the patient to take medication the patient refused to take.