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Table 1 Comparison of demographic and surgical data of study cohort

From: Standardization of early drain removal following pancreatic resection: proposal of the “Ottawa pancreatic drain algorithm”

DemographicsPre-interventionPost-interventionp value
n = 42n = 53
Male gender, N (%)15 (35.7)23 (43.3)0.101
BMI, mean (SD)26.1 (5.1)28.1 (6.1)0.088
Age, mean year (SD)67 (12.3)63 (13.1)0.101
Comorbidities, n (%)
 Diabetes6 (14.2)9 (16.9) 
 Smoker3 (7.1)14 (26.4)< 0.01
 Dyspnea1 (2.3)00.312
 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease04 (7.5) 
 Congestive Heart Failure01 (1.9) 
 Hypertension18 (42.8)25 (47.7)0.312
 Renal Failure00 
 Corticosteroid Use1 (2.3)1 (1.9)1
 ASA score > 240 (95.2)35 (66)< 0.01
Surgery, n (%)
 Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD)35 (83.3)31 (58.4)< 0.01
 Distal Pancreatectomy7 (16.6)22 (41)< 0.01
 Laparoscopic DP2 (28.6)7 (13.2)0.883
Pathology
 Adenocarcinoma or Pancreatitis, n (%)19 (45.2)28 (52.8)0.015
 Other, n (%)23 (53.5)25 (47.1)0.015
 duct diameter, median, mm (range)4 (1–12)4 (1–10) 
 blood loss, median, mL (range)450 (50–1600)350 (50–1500) 
 Fistula Risk Score, median3 (2.75)3 (4) 
  1. Standard Deviation (SD)