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Table 5 Anesthesia and analgesia drug related factors and their effect on outcomes in OHS day surgery

From: Root causes of extended length of stay and unplanned readmissions after orthopedic surgery and hand surgery: a retrospective observational cohort study

Factor No. Of patients N (%) of outcomes P-value
Premedication paracetamol 539   1
 yes 510 35 (6.9)  
 no 29 2 (6.9)  
Premedication NSAID 539   0.423
 yes 339 21 (6.2)  
 no 200 16 (8.0)  
Premedication diazepam 539   0.391
 yes 226 18 (8.0)  
 no 313 19 (6.1)  
Oxycodone i.v. (mg) 539   0.064
 0–10 525 34 (6.5)  
 > 10 14 3 (21.4)  
Fentanyl i.v. (mg) 539   0.00
 0–0.15 502 29 (5.8)  
 > 0.15 37 8 (21.6)  
Other pain medication during procedure 539   0.005
 no 527 33 (6.3)  
 NSAID (ketoprofen) 1 0 (0)  
 paracetamol 3 2 (66.7)  
 other strong analgesic (alfentanil, esketamine) 8 2 (25.0)  
Remifentanil 542   0.036
 yes 48 7 (14.6)  
 no 494 30 (6.1)  
Propofol 542   0.117
 no 476 29 (6.1)  
 general anesthesia 55 7 (12.7)  
 sedation 11 1 (9.1)  
Sevoflurane 542   1
 yes 1 0 (0)  
 no 541 37 (6.8)  
Glycopyrrolate 542   0.656
 yes 22 2 (9.1)  
 no 520 35 (6.7)  
Dexamethasone 542   0.111
 yes 45 6 (13.3)  
 no 497 31 (6.2)  
Rocuronium 541   
 yes 4 1 (25.0) 0.247
 no 537 36 (6.7)  
Antiemetic medication 540   0.107
 no 519 33 (6.4)  
 ondansetron 4 mg 20 4 (20.0)  
 metoclopramide 10 mg 1 0 (0)  
Antiemetic medication 540   
 yes 21 4 (19.0) 0.048
 no 519 33 (6.4)  
Postoperative pain medication 539   0.08
 no 520 34 (6.5)  
 NSAID (ibuprofen, ketoprofen) 8 0 (0)  
 paracetamol 9 3 (33.3)  
 weak opioids (paracetamol-codeine) 1 0 (0)  
 strong analgesics (esketamine) 1 0 (0)  
  1. NSAID Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, i.v. intravenous