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Table 2 Duration of handover in observed surgeries

From: The impact of a structured handover checklist for intraoperative staff shift changes on effective communication, OR team satisfaction, and patient safety: a pilot study

Type of surgery Before intervention
Group A
(X̄ ± SD)
After intervention
Group B(without checklist) Group C(with checklist)
Gynecology
C to C 64 ± 21 89 ± 11* 84 ± 8*
S to S 110 ± 24 136 ± 34* 153 ± 27*
Neurosurgery
C to C 42 ± 12 59 ± 16 74 ± 9*
S to S 114 ± 21 142 ± 21* 151 ± 28*
General
C to C 105 ± 24 31 ± 23* 147 ± 18*
S to S 142 ± 35 144 ± 28 160 ± 43*
Orthopedic
C to C 35 ± 12 34 ± 16 28 ± 16
S to S 45 ± 13 51 ± 17 49 ± 9
Urology
C to C 62 ± 9 - -
S to S 54 ± 14
All surgery
C to C 67 ± 19 76 ± 34* 85 ± 39*
S to S 92 ± 39 118 ± 21* 128 ± 21*
  1. C: Circular, S: Scrub
  2. *P < 0.05; significant difference from before intervention