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  1. Risk assessment in surgery is essential to guide treatment decisions but is highly variable in practice. Providing formal preoperative risk assessment to surgical teams and patients may optimize understanding ...

    Authors: Anne Lambert-Kerzner, Kelsey Lynett Ford, Karl E. Hammermeister, William G. Henderson, Michael R. Bronsert and Robert A. Meguid

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The predictors of shunt dependency such as amount of subarachnoid blood, acute hydrocephalus (HC), mode of aneurysm repair, clinical grade at admission and cerebro spinal fluid (CSF) drainage in excess of 1500...

    Authors: Juan Manuel Vinas Rios, Martin Sanchez-Aguilar, Thomas Kretschmer, Christian Heinen, Fatima Azucena Medina Govea, Sanchez-Rodriguez Jose Juan and Thomas Schmidt

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:13

    Content type: Research

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  3. The recurrence rate in lumbar disc herniations (LDH) has been reported between 5 and 25%. There are only few data about this phenomenon that occurs within days of the initial operation. We analyse early recurr...

    Authors: Juan Manuel Vinas-Rios, Martin Sanchez-Aguilar, Fatima Azucena Medina Govea, Viktor Von Beeg-Moreno and Frerk Meyer

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:9

    Content type: Research

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  4. Seroma is the most frequent postoperative complication following breast cancer surgery. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of the harmonic focus scalpel versus electrocautery in reducing seroma formation post-...

    Authors: Mohammed Faisal, Hamada Fathy, Hamdy Shaban, Sameh T. Abuelela, Ahmed Marie and Islam Khaled

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:8

    Content type: Research

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  5. We aimed to explore the feasibility and attitudes towards using video replay augmented with real time stress quantification for the self-assessment of clinical skills during simulated surgical ward crisis mana...

    Authors: Pasha Normahani, Nita Makwana, Wilhelm von Rosenberg, Sadie Syed, Danilo P. Mandic, Valentin Goverdovsky, Nigel J. Standfield and Usman Jaffer

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:6

    Content type: Research

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  6. The prediction of postoperative complications is important for oral and maxillofacial surgeons. We herein aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS) an...

    Authors: Kiyohide Ishihata, Yasuyuki Kakihana, Takuya Yoshimura, Juri Murakami, Soichiro Toyodome, Hiroshi Hijioka, Etsuro Nozoe and Norifumi Nakamura

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:3

    Content type: Research

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  7. Retrieval of inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) is important to decrease the long-term risk of complications associated with indwelling devices. Our hospital experienced low retrieval rates and implemented a l...

    Authors: Joshua Brown, Jeffery Talbert, Ryan Pennington, Qiong Han and Driss Raissi

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:5

    Content type: Short report

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  8. The treatment of humeral fractures remains controversial. Systematic reviews demonstrate similar results between dynamic compression plating and locked intramedullary nailing in the surgical treatment of these...

    Authors: Luiz Fernando Cocco, Benno Ejnisman, Paulo Santoro Belangero, Moises Cohen and Fernando Baldy dos Reis

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:4

    Content type: Research

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  9. Emergency surgery is unplanned by definition and patients are scheduled for surgery with minimal preparation. Some patients who have sustained emergency orthopaedic trauma or other conditions must be operated ...

    Authors: Ulla Caesar, Jon Karlsson and Elisabeth Hansson

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. The modularity in total hip arthroplasty (THA) allows orthopaedic surgeons for an exact reconstruction of hip biomechanical parameters especially in revision and tumor arthroplasty. Modular structured femoral ...

    Authors: Ronny Grunert, Stefan Schleifenbaum, Robert Möbius, Michael Kopper, Christian Rotsch, Welf-Guntram Drossel, Niels Hammer and Torsten Prietzel

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:1

    Content type: Hypothesis

    Published on:

  11. Radiation exposure is a concern in the field of medicine. Deformity spine surgeons depend on modalities that have high exposure through scoliosis x-rays or computed tomography. The use of fluoroscopy has incre...

    Authors: Jacob Riis, Rebecca R. Lehman, Robert A. Perera, John Ryan Quinn, Patricia Rinehart, Hans Robert Tuten and Victoria Kuester

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:32

    Content type: Research

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  12. Unnecessary invasive procedures risk harming patients physically, emotionally, and financially. Very little is known about the factors that provide the motive, means, and opportunity (MMO) for unnecessary proc...

    Authors: James M. DuBois, John T. Chibnall, Emily E. Anderson, Heidi A. Walsh, Michelle Eggers, Kari Baldwin and Kelly K. Dineen

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:30

    Content type: Research

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  13. A novel index, total liver LU15, has been identified as a surrogate marker for liver function. We evaluated the ability of preoperative remnant liver LU15 values to predict postoperative hepatic failure.

    Authors: Naokazu Chiba, Motohide Shimazu, Kiminori Takano, Go Oshima, Koichi Tomita, Toru Sano, Masaaki Okihara, Yosuke Ozawa, Kosuke Hikita, Takahiro Gunji, Yuta Abe, Kiyoshi Koizumi and Shigeyuki Kawachi

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:29

    Content type: Research

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  14. Accidental foreign body ingestion is a common phenomenon in children between 6 months to 6 years of age. In adults, foreign body ingestion is commonly observed in the geriatric population and in patients with ...

    Authors: Johannes Dörner, Herbert Spelter, Hubert Zirngibl and Peter C. Ambe

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:28

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  15. Authors: Philip F. Stahel, Wade R. Smith, Ernest E. Moore, Philip S. Mehler, Sebastian Weckbach, Fernando J. Kim, Nathan Butler, Hans-Christoph Pape, Ted J. Clarke, Martin A. Makary and Pierre-Alain Clavien

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:27

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

  16. The number of lumbar spine surgeries has been increasing during the last 20 years, which also leads to an increase in hospital costs and complications related to surgery. Therefore, there is a greater concern ...

    Authors: Manuel Segura-Trepichio, David Candela-Zaplana, José Manuel Montoza-Nuñez, Antonio Martin-Benlloch and Andreu Nolasco

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. The term gossypiboma refers to a sponge that has been forgotten in the surgical field. It is the most common retained surgical item, and constitutes a continuing problem for surgical safety. We performed a hos...

    Authors: Boyodi Tchangai, Mazamaesso Tchaou, Iroukora Kassegne and Kpatekana Simlawo

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:25

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. Pregnant women are at risk of infection during labor and delivery. Infection in obstetrics accounts for the second most common cause of maternal mortality next to post partum hemorrhage. Knowing the prevalence...

    Authors: Teshager Mamo, Tilaye Workneh Abebe, Tesfaye Yitna Chichiabellu and Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. Cervical spine fracture-dislocations in neurologically intact patients represent a surgical challenge due to the risk of inflicting iatrogenic spinal cord compression by closed reduction maneuvers. The use of ...

    Authors: Sergiu Botolin, Todd F. VanderHeiden, Ernest E. Moore, Herbert Fried and Philip F. Stahel

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:23

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  20. In spite of the improvement of many aspects around Total knee arthroplasty (TKA), there is still a group of 10% to 34% of patients who is not satisfied with the outcome. The therapy of chronic pain after TKA r...

    Authors: Dirk Zajonz, Johannes K. M. Fakler, Anna-Judith Dahse, Fujiaoshou Junping Zhao, Melanie Edel, Christoph Josten and Andreas Roth

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:22

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Hydatid disease (HD) is a cosmopolitan parasitosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus that can potentially affect any part of the human body. Liver and lungs are the most frequent localizations. Primary musculoske...

    Authors: A. Marzouki, A. Naam, S. Abdulrazak, B. Soumaré, K. Lahrach and F. Boutayeb

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:21

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  22. Ipsilateral femoral shaft and neck fractures are rare injuries, affecting mostly young patients who sustained high-energy traumas. In 19–50% of cases, the femoral fracture is misdiagnosed or overlooked at the ...

    Authors: Sönke Labza, Isabella Fassola, Benedict Kunz, Wolfgang Ertel and Senat Krasnici

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:20

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  23. Sagittal rebalancing of a fixated lumbar hypolordosis (kyphosis) is very important to gain satisfactory results. To correct a misalignment vertebral column resection or pedicle subtraction osteotomies are favo...

    Authors: Sebastian Weckbach, Heiko Reichel, Michael Kraus, Tugrul Kocak and Friederike Lattig

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:19

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. A cesarean section is a surgical procedure in which incisions are made through a woman's abdomen and uterus to deliver her baby. Surgical site infections are a common surgical complication among patients deliv...

    Authors: Kelemu Abebe Gelaw, Amlaku Mulat Aweke, Feleke Hailemichael Astawesegn, Birhanu Wondimeneh Demissie and Liknaw Bewket Zeleke

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. The incidence of posttraumatic osteomyelitis (PTO) is increasing despite new treatment strategies. Assessment of patients’ outcomes following PTO is challenging due to multiple variables. The study goals are t...

    Authors: Luciana Souza Jorge, Alceu G. Chueire, Patricia Silva Fucuta, Mauricio N. Machado, Maria Gabriele L. Oliveira, Marcelo A. Nakazone and Mauro José Salles

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Surgeons have a range of materials to choose from to complete wound closure, yet surprisingly very little is still known about the body’s immune response to the suture materials in current use. The growing lit...

    Authors: Alistair M. Lock, Ryan Gao, Dorit Naot, Brendan Coleman, Jillian Cornish and David S. Musson

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Fall incidents are a major problem for patients and healthcare. The “Aachen Fall Prevention App” (AFPA) represents the first mobile Health (mHealth) application (app) empowering older patients (persons 50+ yea...

    Authors: Peter Rasche, Alexander Mertens, Christina Bröhl, Sabine Theis, Tobias Seinsch, Matthias Wille, Hans-Christoph Pape and Matthias Knobe

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a well-established surgical treatment. Several types of intervertebral spacers can be used, but there is increasing evidence that PEEK cages yield insufficient...

    Authors: Andreas Kotsias, Sven Mularski, Björn Kühn, Michael Hanna and Olaf Suess

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a well-established surgical treatment for radiculopathy and myelopathy. Previous studies showed that empty PEEK cages have lower radiographic fusion rates, but...

    Authors: Olaf Suess, Martin Schomaker, Mario Cabraja, Marco Danne, Theodoros Kombos and Michael Hanna

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Forced-air warming is used as a mechanism to prevent hypothermia and adverse outcomes associated with hypothermia among patients undergoing surgery. Patient safety in healthcare includes the use of devices and...

    Authors: Melanie F. Sandoval, Paul D. Mongan, Michael R. Dayton and Craig A. Hogan

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:11

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  31. Approximately 12% of all ureteral stents placed are retained or “forgotten.” Forgotten stents are associated with significant safety concerns as well as increased costs and legal issues. Retained ureteral sten...

    Authors: Wilson R. Molina, Rodrigo Pessoa, Rodrigo Donalisio da Silva, McCabe C. Kenny, Diedra Gustafson, Leticia Nogueira, Mark E. Leo, Michael K. Yu and Fernando J. Kim

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Surgical site marking is one important cornerstone for the principles of safe surgery suggested by the WHO. Generally it is recommended that the attending surgeon performs the surgical site marking. Particular...

    Authors: Judit Schäfli-Thurnherr, Annette Biegger, Christopher Soll and Gian A. Melcher

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:9

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  33. The need for reoperation or wound infection treatments between pulsatile and gravity irrigation are statistically equivalent, however, it is unclear which method maximizes operative efficiency and expeditious ...

    Authors: Lily R. Mundy, Mark J. Gage, Richard S. Yoon and Frank A. Liporace

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Conventional screws used for fracture fixation in orthopedic surgery continue to rely on the historic buttress thread design. While buttress screws generally provide solid resistance against unidirectional axi...

    Authors: Philip F. Stahel, Nicholas A. Alfonso, Corey Henderson and Todd Baldini

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:6

    Content type: Hypothesis

    Published on:

  35. Atlantoaxial rotatory fixation is a condition in which the first and second vertebrae of the cervical spine become interlocked in a rotated position. This condition can result in serious consequences and thus ...

    Authors: Hiroshi Sakaida, Koji Akeda, Akihiro Sudo and Kazuhiko Takeuchi

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:5

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  36. Inter-professional teamwork in the operating room is important for patient safety. The World Health Organization (WHO) checklist was introduced to improve intraoperative teamwork. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Sofia Erestam, Eva Haglind, David Bock, Annette Erichsen Andersson and Eva Angenete

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. The growing economization of the health care system and implication of market principles in the medical field have risen new and serious questions on the meaning of the medical profession, the doctor-patient r...

    Authors: Joerg Schnoor, Elmar Braehler, Mohamed Ghanem and Christoph E. Heyde

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. The risk of postoperative surgical site infection after long bone fracture fixation can be decreased with appropriate antibiotic use. However, there is no agreement on the superiority of a single- or multiple-...

    Authors: Itai Gans, Amit Jain, Norachart Sirisreetreerux, Elliott R. Haut and Erik A. Hasenboehler

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. The use of fluoroscopy has become commonplace in many orthopaedic surgery procedures. The benefits of fluoroscopy are not without risk of radiation to patient, surgeon, and operating room staff. There is a pau...

    Authors: Daniel J. Kaplan, Jay N. Patel, Frank A. Liporace and Richard S. Yoon

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:27

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  40. Periprosthetic distal femur fractures associated with total knee replacement are increasing in incidence. We hypothesized that a standardized management protocol would result in few implant failures and a low ...

    Authors: Wade R. Smith, Jason W. Stoneback, Steven J. Morgan and Philip F. Stahel

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Cemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a safe and common procedure. In rare cases life threatening bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) may occur, which is commonly caused by pulmonary embolism (PE).

    Authors: Anita ten Hagen, Pieter Doldersum and Tom van Raaij

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:25

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  42. Endotracheal intubation in severely injured patients is known to be a risk factor for systemic complications. We aimed to examine the changes in intubation rates and durations in severely injured trauma patien...

    Authors: Khalid Almahmoud, Michel Teuben, Hagen Andruszkow, Klemens Horst, Rolf Lefering, Frank Hildebrand, Hans Christoph Pape and Roman Pfeifer

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. The national incidence of adverse events (AEs) in Swedish orthopedic care has never been described. A new national database has made it possible to describe incidence, nature, preventability and consequences o...

    Authors: Hans Rutberg, Madeleine Borgstedt-Risberg, Pelle Gustafson and Maria Unbeck

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:23

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Inadvertently retained sponges and instruments still constitute a major but preventable complication in surgery. Given the high geographic mobility of patients, the fluctuation of physician-patient contact, an...

    Authors: Johannes Ackermann, Moritz Kanzow, Micaela Mathiak, Ulrich Pecks, Nicolai Maass and Ibrahim Alkatout

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:22

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  45. Successfully completing a surgical informed consent process is an important element of the preoperative consult. A previous study of Dutch general surgeons demonstrated that the implementation of SIC did not m...

    Authors: Wouter K. G. Leclercq, Sarah Sloot, Bram J. Keulers, Saskia Houterman, Johan Legemaate, Margot Veerman, Leslie Thomas and Marc R. Scheltinga

    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

Editors-in-Chief
Prof Philip F Stahel, The Medical Center of Aurora, USA
Prof Pierre-Alain Clavien, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland

Managing Editor
Prof Sebastian Weckbach, University Hospital Ulm, Germany
Dr Navid Ziran, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Arizona, USA

Senior Editor Emeritus
Prof George Youngson, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Scotland

Associate Editors
Dr Darryl Auston, North Suburban Medical Center, Colorado, USA
Prof Walter Biffl, Scripps Memorial Hospital, USA
Prof Markus W Buechler, University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
Prof Christoph E Heyde, University Hospital Leipzig, Germany
Dr Michael Janssen, Center for Spinal Disorders, USA
Prof James Kellam, Carolinas Medical Center, USA
Dr Fernando Kim, Denver Health Medical Center, USA 
Prof Martin A Makary, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, USA 
Dr Claudia Medina, IPS Universitaria Clinica Leon XIII, Colombia
Prof Philip S Mehler, Eating Recovery Center, USA
Prof Ernest E Moore, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Prof Hans-Christoph Pape, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
Prof Rodrigo Pesántez, Universidad de los Andes Bogotá, Colombia
Dr. Carlos Rodriguez, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, USA
Dr Steven Schelkun,  AO North America, USA
Prof Andrew H Schmidt, Minnesota university, USA
Dr Jeffrey Smith, Orthopaedic Trauma & Fracture Specialist Medical Corp, USA
Prof Wade R Smith, Swedish Medical Center, USA
Prof Adam Starr, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, USA
Prof Charles Vincent, University of Oxford, UK
Dr Boris A. Zelle, University of Texas Health, USA
Prof Bruce Ziran, Hughston Clinic at Gwinnett Medical Center, USA

Statistical Advisors
Dr Stefan Sauerland, Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Healthcare (IQWiG), Germany
Dr Allison E Williams, Bay Pines VA Health Care System, USA

Editorial Board
Prof Fernando Baldy dos Reis, UNIFESP-Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil
Prof Jeffrey Barkun, McGill University Health Center, Canada
Dr Nathan C Butler, West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine, USA
Dr Ted Clarke, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Prof Nicolas Demartines, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland
Dr Johannes Fakler, University of Leipzig, Germany
Prof Joan Figueras, University Hospital Girona, Spain
Prof Beat Gloor, University of Bern, Switzerland
Dr Andrew Grose, Westchester Medical Center, USA 
Prof Dieter Hahnloser, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland
Prof Jiandong Hao, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, China
Prof Kirk Hogan, University of Wisconsin, USA
Prof Markus Huber-Lang, University of Ulm, Germany
Dr Kyros Ipaktchi, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Dr Thilo John, DRK Hospital Berlin-Westend, Germany 
Dr Jeffrey L Johnson, Henry Ford Hospital, USA
Prof Jeffry Kashuk, Tel Aviv University-Sackler School of Medicine, Israel
Prof Christian K Lackner, LMU University, Germany
Dr Geeta Lal, University of Iowa, USA
Dr Alan Lembitz, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Prof Matthias Majetschak, Loyola University, USA
Dr Lucas McCormack, Hospital Aleman, Argentina
Dr Timothy Moore, MetroHealth Medical Center, USA
Dr John Mukhopadhaya, Mukhopadhaya Orthopaedic Clinic, India
Prof Giuseppe Nigri, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Dr Lena Nilsson, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden
Dr Robert Padbury, Flinders Medical Centre, Australia
Dr Fredric Pieracci, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Prof John V Reynolds, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland 
Prof Taylor S Riall, University of Arizona, USA
Dr Andrew Robson, University of Edinburgh, UK
Prof Steven M. Strasberg, Washington University School of Medicine, USA
Dr Todd Swenning, Desert Regional Medical Center, USA
Dr Jeffrey Varnell, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Dr Ryan Will, Olympia Orthopaedic Association, USA
Dr Gerald Zarlengo, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies, USA