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Table 3 Group analysis of the APT, PPT and AAU groups

From: Grade II whiplash injuries to the neck: what is the benefit for patients treated by different physical therapy modalities?

  APT PPT AAU
Parameter Median Min/Max Median Min/Max Median Min/Max
PS initial 57.2 (34.5–88.0) 56.7 (28.0–81.5) 57.5 (7.5–85.0)
PS post 4.7 (0.0–52.2) 15.7 (0.0–66.5) 20.0 (0.0–67.5)
ΔPS 50.5 (0.0–88.0) 39.2 (5.5–69.5) 28.8 (-2.5–65.0)
ROMD initial 120° (35–290°) 108° (25–210°) 100° (20–160°)
ROMD post (0–60°) (0–35°) 10° (0–50°)
ΔROMD 120° (35–290°) 108° (5–210°) 70° (20–160°)
POD 14 (0–56) 14 (0–56) 49 (14–80)
  1. APT: active physical therapy; PPT: passive physical therapy; AAU: act-as-usual; PS = pain score on VAS; ROMD = range of motion deficit in degrees (°); POD = period of disability in days