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  1. Continuous body temperature monitoring during perioperative care is enabled by using a non-invasive “zero-heat-flux” (ZHF) device. However, rigorous evaluation of whether continuous monitoring capability impro...

    Authors: Judy Munday, David Sturgess, Sabrina Oishi, Jess Bendeich, Allison Kearney and Clint Douglas
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:32
  2. Traumatic aortic injuries (TAIs) are rare but are associated with a high mortality. Prior studies have shown skiers and pilots, whose injuries occur at high altitudes, are at an increased risk for a TAI. The p...

    Authors: Stephanie Jarvis, Patrick Rudersdorf, James Poling, Andreas Hennig, Kristin Salottolo, Travis Bouchard, Allen Tanner, Wendy Erickson, Sidra Bhuller, Logan Ouderkirk, Jeffrey Simpson, Kaysie Banton, Elizabeth Kim and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:31
  3. The decision-making for admission versus emergent transfer of patients with blunt splenic injuries presenting to remote trauma centers with limited resources remains a challenge. Although splenectomy is standa...

    Authors: Constance McGraw, Charles W. Mains, Jodie Taylor, Cecile D’Huyvetter, Kristin Salottolo and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:30
  4. According to the Polish law, each patient has the right to refuse to consent to a medical procedure, even if the refusal concerns a life-saving procedure. It may be difficult for a physician to accept this kin...

    Authors: K. Kocańda, S. Głuszek, M. K. Szerla and M. Domagała
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:29
  5. Reprocess reusable surgical instruments during steam sterilization; damage occurs to sharp scissor blades in close position, so steam cannot reach the blades. Surgical instruments' management requires standard...

    Authors: Natthacha Chiannilkulchai and Peinjit Bhumisirikul
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:28
  6. Maintenance of adequate peripheral perfusion during controlled hypotension is necessary for patient safety and improved surgical outcomes during controlled hypotension in nasal surgery. The hypothesis of this ...

    Authors: Alshaimaa Abdel Fattah Kamel, Marwa Mohamed Medhat, Dina Abdelhameed Elsadek Salem and Sara Mohamed Abdel Naby
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:27
  7. Airborne transmission diseases can transfer long and short distances via sneezing, coughing, and breathing. These airborne repertory particles can convert to aerosol particles and travel with airflow. During t...

    Authors: Parastoo Sadeghian, Yang Bi, Guangyu Cao and Sasan Sadrizadeh
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:26
  8. Partial fibular osteotomy has been recognized as a surgical alternative to treat medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. Related peroneal neuropathies are of concern among the relatively few complicatio...

    Authors: Yu-Sheng Chen, Chyun-Yu Yang, Chih-Wei Chang and Yen-Nien Chen
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:25
  9. The efficient use of operating room is important to ensure optimum cost–benefit for the hospital and to reduce elective surgery waiting times. We introduced a concept of non-commissioned “Twilight” operating r...

    Authors: Bee Shan Ong, Rebecca Thomas and Simon Jenkins
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:23
  10. While extensive data are available on the postponement of elective surgical procedures due to the COVID-19 pandemic for Germany, data on the impact on emergency procedures is limited.

    Authors: Richard Hunger, Volker König, Rosi Stillger and René Mantke
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:22
  11. Ministry of Health (MOH) of Ethiopia adopted World Health Organization’s evidence-proven surgical safety checklist (SSC) to reduce the occurrence of surgical complications, i.e., death, disability and prolong ...

    Authors: Manuel Kassaye Sibhatu, Desalegn Bekele Taye, Senedu Bekele Gebreegziabher, Edlawit Mesfin, Hassen Mohammed Bashir and John Varallo
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:20
  12. The concept of physicians referring patients to their own healthcare entities is considered a “self-referral”. A discerning factor of a self-referral is when the physician has a financial interest in the entit...

    Authors: Amrita Shenoy, Gopinath N. Shenoy and Gayatri G. Shenoy
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:19
  13. Covering the prepared sterile back tables (PSBTs) during periods of nonuse and during active surgeries may decrease contamination of sterile surgical instruments that have direct contact to surgical wound. The...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Zarei, Saeed Babajani-Vafsi, Mohammad Hassan Kazemi-Galougahi, Ashraf Bakhshi, Neda Mirbagher Ajorpaz and Mahdi Ghorbani
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:18
  14. Since publication of the surgical safety checklist by the WHO in 2009, it has been introduced in many hospitals. However, frequency and quality of surgical safety checklist use is often low probably limiting t...

    Authors: Annemarie Fridrich, Anita Imhof and David L. B. Schwappach
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:17
  15. In Japan, dilatation & curettage (D&C) has been performed under general anesthesia as a surgery for an early pregnancy miscarriage for a long time. In 2016, manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) under general anesthe...

    Authors: Toshiyuki Kakinuma, Kaoru Kakinuma, Ayaka Kaneko, Masataka Kagimoto, Yoshimasa Kawarai, Motomasa Ihara, Koyomi Saito, Yoshio Matsuda, Michitaka Ohwada, Hirokazu Tanaka, Nobuhiro Takeshima and Kaoru Yanagida
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:16
  16. The notion that all acute hip fractures are a surgical entity requiring either surgical fracture fixation or hip replacement represents a historic dogma, particularly within the orthopaedic community of the Un...

    Authors: Juan Manuel Vinas-Rios, Jan-Henning Wölm, Richard Martin Sellei and Andreas Ladenburger
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:15
  17. Surgical patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are vulnerable to increased perioperative complications and postoperative mortality, independent of the risk for contracting COVID-19 pneumonia after ...

    Authors: Vincent P. Stahel, Samson D. Blum and Pratibha Anand
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:14
  18. Formal surgical risk assessment tools have been developed to predict risk of adverse postoperative patient outcomes. Such tools accurately predict common postoperative complications, inform patients and provid...

    Authors: Nisha Pradhan, Adam R. Dyas, Michael R. Bronsert, Anne Lambert-Kerzner, William G. Henderson, Howe Qiu, Kathryn L. Colborn, Nicholas J. Mason and Robert A. Meguid
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:13
  19. The teach-back method is a valuable communication tool that can be employed to improve patient safety and shared decision-making. Its utility in patient care has been studied extensively in many areas of clini...

    Authors: Kevin D. Seely, Jordan A. Higgs and Andrew Nigh
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:12
  20. As electric bicycles (e-bikes) become increasingly popular, reports of injuries associated with e-bike usage are also rising. Patterns, characteristics, and severity of injuries following e-bike crashes need f...

    Authors: Till Berk, Sascha Halvachizadeh, Johannnes Backup, Yannik Kalbas, Thomas Rauer, Ralph Zettl, Hans-Christoph Pape, Florian Hess and Jo Ellen Welter
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:11
  21. The definition of defensive medicine has evolved over time given various permutations and combinations. The underlying meaning, however, has persisted in its relevance towards two classifications, positive and...

    Authors: Amrita Shenoy, Gopinath N. Shenoy and Gayatri G. Shenoy
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:10
  22. The assurance of patient safety in emergency general surgery remains challenging due to the patients’ high-risk underlying conditions and the wide variability in emergency surgical care provided around the glo...

    Authors: Philip F. Stahel, Lorenzo Cobianchi, Francesca Dal Mas, Simon Paterson-Brown, Boris E. Sakakushev, Christine Nguyen, Gustavo P. Fraga, Steven Yule, Dimitrios Damaskos, Andrew J. Healey, Walter Biffl, Luca Ansaloni and Fausto Catena
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:8
  23. In spite of the global implementation of standardized surgical safety checklists and evidence-based practices, general surgery remains associated with a high residual risk of preventable perioperative complica...

    Authors: Ana Isabel Pérez Zapata, Elías Rodríguez Cuéllar, Marta de la Fuente Bartolomé, Cristina Martín-Arriscado Arroba, María Teresa García Morales, Carmelo Loinaz Segurola, Manuel Giner Nogueras, Ángel Tejido Sánchez, Pedro Ruiz López and Eduardo Ferrero Herrero
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:7
  24. Current literature suggests that wrong-level spine surgery is relatively common with far-reaching consequences. This study aims to assess the current practices of spinal surgeons across the UK with respect to ...

    Authors: Ali Zain Naqvi, Henry Magill and Naffis Anjarwalla
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:6
  25. Proximal humerus fractures (PHF) are frequent, however, several studies show low inter-rater agreement in the diagnosis and treatment of these injuries. Differences are usually related to the experience of the...

    Authors: Luiz Fernando Cocco, André Yui Aihara, Flávia Paiva Proença Lobo Lopes, Heron Werner, Carlos Eduardo Franciozi, Fernando Baldy dos Reis and Marcus Vinicius Malheiros Luzo
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:5
  26. Tracheal tubes are routinely used during anaesthesia and in the intensive care unit. Subjective monitoring of cuff pressures have been reported to produce consistently inappropriate cuffs pressures, with atten...

    Authors: Arinze Duke George Nwosu, Edmund Ndudi Ossai, Fidelis Anayo Onyekwulu, Adaobi Obianuju Amucheazi, Richard Ewah, Okechukwu Onwuasoigwe and Irene Akhideno
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:4
  27. The operating room (OR) is one of the most expensive areas of a hospital, requiring large capital and recurring investments, and necessitating efficient throughput to reduce costs per patient encounter. On top...

    Authors: Samuel Negash, Endale Anberber, Blen Ayele, Zeweter Ashebir, Ananya Abate, Senait Bitew, Miliard Derbew, Thomas G. Weiser, Nichole Starr and Tihitena Negussie Mammo
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:3
  28. The Reamer–Irrigator–Aspirator system was initially developed to reduce fat embolism and thermic necrosis during reamed intramedullary nail fixation of femoral shaft fractures. Currently, this system is used i...

    Authors: Fernando Bidolegui, Sebastián Pereira, Cristina Irigoyen and Robinson Esteves Pires
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:2
  29. Antibiotic surgical prophylaxis is a core strategy for prevention of surgical site infections (SSI). Despite best practice guidelines and known efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in decreasing SSI risk, there ...

    Authors: Nikhil Ailaney, Elizabeth Zielinski, Michelle Doll, Gonzalo M. Bearman, Stephen L. Kates and Gregory J. Golladay
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:36
  30. Comminuted intra-articular tibial pilon fractures can be challenging to manage, with high revision rates and poor functional outcomes. This study reviewed [1] treatment, complications, and clinical outcomes in...

    Authors: Yash P. Chaudhry, Efstratios Papadelis, Hunter Hayes, Philip F. Stahel and Erik A. Hasenboehler
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:35
  31. American College of Surgeons level I trauma center verification requires an active research program. This study investigated differences in the research programs of academic and non-academic trauma centers.

    Authors: Robert M. Madayag, Erica Sercy, Gina M. Berg, Kaysie L. Banton, Matthew Carrick, Mark Lieser, Allen Tanner II and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:34
  32. Colectomy with transanal ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (taIPAA) is a surgical technique that can be used to treat benign colorectal disease. Ulcerative colitis is the most frequent inflammatory bowel disease (I...

    Authors: Aina Lask, Matthias Biebl, Luca Dittrich, Andreas Fischer, Andreas Adler, Frank Tacke, Felix Aigner, Rosa Schmuck, Sascha Chopra, Michael Knoop, Johann Pratschke and Safak Gül-Klein
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:31
  33. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an uncommon but fatal complication among patients undergoing elective spinal fusion surgery (SF), total hip arthroplasty (THA), and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Our objec...

    Authors: Patrick J. Arena, Jingping Mo, Qing Liu, Xiaofeng Zhou, Richard Gong, Charles Wentworth, Sundaresan Murugesan and Kui Huang
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:30
  34. Postoperative adverse events after intramedullary nailing have been reported in patients with metastatic pathological and non-pathological femoral fractures. Other consequences to be considered are readmission...

    Authors: Chirathit Anusitviwat, Khanin Iamthanaporn, Pakjai Tuntarattanapong, Boonsin Tangtrakulwanich and Tippawan Liabsuetrakul
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:29
  35. To describe our experience with outpatient transperineal biopsy (TPB) without antibiotics compared to transrectal biopsy (TRB) with antibiotics and bowel preparation. The literature elicits comparable cancer d...

    Authors: Majdee Islam, Rodrigo Donalisio Da Silva, Alan Quach, Diedra Gustafson, Leticia Nogueira, Nathan Clark and Fernando J. Kim
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:28
  36. Teamwork in the operating theatre is a complex emergent phenomenon and is driven by cooperative relationships between staff. A foundational requirement for teamwork is the ability to communicate effectively, a...

    Authors: Ned Douglas, Sophie Demeduik, Kate Conlan, Priscilla Salmon, Brian Chee, Taylor Sullivan, David Heelan, John Ozcan, Gareth Symons and Candida Marane
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:27
  37. Handover without a structured format is prone to the omission of information and could be a potential risk to patient safety. We sought to determine the effect of a structured checklist on the quality of intra...

    Authors: Ebrahim Nasiri, Mojgan Lotfi, Seyyed Muhammad Mahdi Mahdavinoor and Mohammad Hossein Rafiei
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:25
  38. A retained surgical item (RSI) is defined as a never-event and can have drastic consequences on patient, provider, and hospital. However, despite increased efforts, RSI events remain the number one sentinel event...

    Authors: Samuel Weprin, Fabio Crocerossa, Dielle Meyer, Kaitlyn Maddra, David Valancy, Reginald Osardu, Hae Sung Kang, Robert H. Moore, Umberto Carbonara, Fernando J. Kim and Riccardo Autorino
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:24
  39. During surgery, surgeons often work under stressful conditions, which could affect patient safety. Reducing intraoperative stress for surgeons could benefit surgeons and subsequently patients. It is difficult ...

    Authors: Sofia Erestam, David Bock, Annette Erichsen Andersson, Eva Haglind, Jennifer Park and Eva Angenete
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:23
  40. Intravenous tranexamic acid (TXA) has been shown to reduce blood loss in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty without systemic complications. There is limited evidence of its effectiveness in revision ...

    Authors: Arianna L. Gianakos, Bishoy N. Saad, Richard Haring, Luke G. Menken, Sherif Elkattaway, Frank A. Liporace and Richard S. Yoon
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:21

    The Correction to this article has been published in Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:1

  41. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has infected more than 100 million people globally within the first year of the pandemic. With a death toll surpassing 500,000 in the United States alone, containi...

    Authors: Pratibha Anand and Vincent P. Stahel
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:20

    The Correction to this article has been published in Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:22

  42. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Jorge C. De Leon, Cooper B. Tye, Connor S. Breinholt, Khang H. Dang and Ravi A. Karia
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2021 15:18

    The original article was published in Patient Safety in Surgery 2020 14:44

Editors-in-Chief
Prof Philip F Stahel, Mission Health, USA
Prof Pierre-Alain Clavien, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland

Managing Editors
Prof Sebastian Weckbach, University Hospital Ulm, Germany
Dr Navid Ziran, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Arizona, USA

Senior Editor Emeritus
Dr Steven Schelkun,  AO North America, USA
Prof George Youngson, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Scotland

Associate Editors
Prof Walter Biffl, Scripps Memorial Hospital, USA
Prof Markus W Buechler, University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
Dr Jeffrey Galinkin, The Medical Center of Aurora, USA
Prof Christoph E Heyde, University Hospital Leipzig, Germany
Prof James Kellam, Carolinas Medical Center, USA
Dr Fernando Kim, Denver Health Medical Center, USA 
Prof Martin A Makary, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, USA 
Dr Claudia Medina, IPS Universitaria Clinica Leon XIII, Colombia
Prof Philip S Mehler, Eating Recovery Center, USA
Prof Ernest E Moore, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Prof Hans-Christoph Pape, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
Prof Rodrigo Pesántez, Universidad de los Andes Bogotá, Colombia
Dr Carlos Rodriguez, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, USA
Prof Andrew H Schmidt, Minnesota University, USA
Dr Andie Slivinski, Mission Health, USA
Dr Jeffrey Smith, Orthopaedic Trauma & Fracture Specialist Medical Corp, USA
Prof Wade R Smith, Swedish Medical Center, USA
Prof Adam Starr, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, USA
Prof Charles Vincent, University of Oxford, UK
Dr Boris A. Zelle, University of Texas Health, USA
Prof Bruce Ziran, Hughston Clinic at Gwinnett Medical Center, USA


Statistical Advisors
Dr Stefan Sauerland, Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Healthcare (IQWiG), Germany
Dr Allison E Williams, Bay Pines VA Health Care System, USA

Editorial Board
Prof Fernando Baldy dos Reis, UNIFESP-Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil
Prof Jeffrey Barkun, McGill University Health Center, Canada
Dr Nathan C Butler, University of California Davis, USA
Dr. Bayley E. Clarke, Georgetown University, USA
Dr Ted Clarke, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Prof Nicolas Demartines, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland
Dr Johannes Fakler, University of Leipzig, Germany
Prof Beat Gloor, University of Bern, Switzerland
Dr Andrew Grose, Westchester Medical Center, USA 
Prof Dieter Hahnloser, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland
Prof Jiandong Hao, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, China
Prof Kirk Hogan, University of Wisconsin, USA
Prof Markus Huber-Lang, University of Ulm, Germany
Dr Kyros Ipaktchi, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Dr Thilo John, DRK Hospital Berlin-Westend, Germany 
Dr Jeffrey L Johnson, Henry Ford Hospital, USA
Prof Jeffry Kashuk, Tel Aviv University-Sackler School of Medicine, Israel
Prof Christian K Lackner, LMU University, Germany
Dr Geeta Lal, University of Iowa, USA
Dr Alan Lembitz, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Prof Matthias Majetschak, Loyola University, USA
Dr Timothy Moore, MetroHealth Medical Center, USA
Dr John Mukhopadhaya, Mukhopadhaya Orthopaedic Clinic, India
Prof Giuseppe Nigri, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Dr Lena Nilsson, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden
Dr Fredric Pieracci, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Dr Andrew Robson, University of Edinburgh, UK
Dr Jeffrey Varnell, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Dr Ryan Will, Olympia Orthopaedic Association, USA
Dr Gerald Zarlengo, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies, USA