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Table 1 Patient characteristics and antibiotic prophylaxis.

From: The SURgical PAtient Safety System (SURPASS) checklist optimizes timing of antibiotic prophylaxis

Patient characteristics   Pre-intervention
(N = 369)
Post-intervention
(N = 403)
p
Male 59.3% 55.3% 0.260
Age 55.3 ± 18.0 53.6 ± 18.3 0.191
Urgent (surgery required within one day) 33.1% 27.0% 0.068
Category of operation Gastrointestinal 52.0% 51.1% 0.286
  Trauma 22.5% 25.3%  
  Vascular 20.9% 16.9%  
  Hernia repair 4.6% 6.7%  
Antibiotic prophylaxis Pre-intervention
(N = 328)
Post-intervention
(N = 401)
 
No antibiotics* 10.4% 11.2% 0.711
Antibiotic of choice Cefuroxime/clindamycin 48.2% 43.6% 0.051
  Cefuroxime 30.1% 30.7%  
  Cefamandol 17.4% 15.8%  
  Other 4.3% 9.9%  
  1. * Patients that had received therapeutic antibiotics within 24 hours preoperatively because of a pre-existing infection were excluded from this category (12 vs 14 patients)