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Table 1 Characteristics of the 444 patients undergoing emergency surgery

From: Applicability of the Clavien-Dindo classification to emergency surgical procedures: a retrospective cohort study on 444 consecutive patients

Characteristics All patients (n = 444)
Female sex 231 (52%)
Age, median (range) 50 (16 – 93)
Age over 80 years 40 (9%)
Function state (activity of daily living)  
Independent 420 (95%)
Partially dependent 22 (5%)
Dependent 2 (0.5%)
Living at home before hospitalization 426 (96%)
Comorbidities 214 (48%)
Charlson index > 0 136 (31%)
Charlson index, mean (range) 2.5 (1–9)*
Charlson index ≥ 2 84 (19%)
Any malignancy 50 (11%)
Metastatic solid tumour 16 (3.6%)
Preoperative organ dysfunction 37 (8.3%)
Reason for emergency surgery complication 32 (7.2%)
Surgical complication 19 (4.3%)
Other complication (including endoscopic etc.) 13 (2.9%)
Referral patient 14 (3.2%)
Previous surgery within 30 days 19 (4.3%)
  1. The numbers represent number of patients (%) unless stated otherwise.
  2. *Patients with Charlson index >0.