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Table 5 Kappa coefficient summary values for intra-observer agreement between AO / ASIF and Neer classification by diagnostic method among residents (Group 2)

From: Inter-observer reliability of alternative diagnostic methods for proximal humerus fractures: a comparison between attending surgeons and orthopedic residents in training

Diagnostic Method Means Standard Deviation Minimum Maximum 1st. Quartile Median 3rd. Quartile N
X-ray 0.619 0.337 −0.033 1.000 0.321 0.726 1.000 30
Tomography 0.558 0.376 −0.125 1.000 0.211 0.571 1.000 30
3D models 0.658 0.301 −0.050 1.000 0.437 0.736 0.868 30
Holography 0.671 0.295 0.087 1.000 0.490 0.675 1.000 30
  1. Effects of diagnostic method: F3,87 = 2.41 (p = 0.073)
  2. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for normality (p = 0.348)