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Table 3 Possible causes of preoperative anxiety among adult patients undergoing elective surgery at general hospital in Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 402)

From: Preoperative anxiety among adult patients undergoing elective surgery: a prospective survey at a general hospital in Ethiopia

Variables Yes No
Frequency % Frequency %
Being received iv fluid 102 25.4 300 74.6
fear of death 334 83.1 68 16.9
Unexpected result of operation 287 71.4 115 28.6
Post-operative pain 245 60.9 157 39.1
Fear of anesthesia 264 65.7 138 34.3
Financial loss due to hospitalization 202 50.2 200 49.8
Fear of disability 217 54.0 185 46.0
Fear of complication 307 76.4 95 23.6
Harm from doctor or nurse mistake 116 28.9 286 71.1
Absence from work 130 32.3 272 67.7
Concern about family 205 51. 0 197 49.0
Cosmetics issues 142 45. 8 260 54.2
Need of blood transfusion 184 35.3 218 54.7
Unable to recover 225 56 177 44.0
Awareness during surgery 128 31.8 274 68.2
Information from previous hospital experiences 137 34.1 265 65.9
Fear of unknown 179 44.5 223 55.5