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Table 2 Comparison of primary arthrodesis and staged treatment for AO 43-C Tibial Pilon Fractures

From: Fusion versus fixation in complex comminuted C3-type tibial pilon fractures: a systematic review

  Primary Arthrodesis (n = 69 patients) Staged Treatment (n = 308 patients) P Value
Number of publications 5 8 N/A
Time to definitive treatment, daysa 82.02 (44.48) 13.58 (0.68) .063
Follow-up time, monthsa 59.82 (11.85) 25.89 (5.45) .013
Range of motion, degreesa NA 37.30 (2.44) N/A
Open fractureb 39.1 37.8 .594
Complications
 Malunion/non-unionb 2.9 9.9 .085
 Wound problem/infection/painb 5.7 14.6 .049
 PTOAb NA 20.4 1.00
 Amputationb 0 0.08 1.00
  1. N/A, not applicable
  2. aExpressed as mean (±SEM)
  3. bExpressed as percentage