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  1. Sagittal rebalancing of a fixated lumbar hypolordosis (kyphosis) is very important to gain satisfactory results. To correct a misalignment vertebral column resection or pedicle subtraction osteotomies are favo...

    Authors: Sebastian Weckbach, Heiko Reichel, Michael Kraus, Tugrul Kocak and Friederike Lattig
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:19
  2. A cesarean section is a surgical procedure in which incisions are made through a woman's abdomen and uterus to deliver her baby. Surgical site infections are a common surgical complication among patients deliv...

    Authors: Kelemu Abebe Gelaw, Amlaku Mulat Aweke, Feleke Hailemichael Astawesegn, Birhanu Wondimeneh Demissie and Liknaw Bewket Zeleke
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:18
  3. The incidence of posttraumatic osteomyelitis (PTO) is increasing despite new treatment strategies. Assessment of patients’ outcomes following PTO is challenging due to multiple variables. The study goals are t...

    Authors: Luciana Souza Jorge, Alceu G. Chueire, Patricia Silva Fucuta, Mauricio N. Machado, Maria Gabriele L. Oliveira, Marcelo A. Nakazone and Mauro José Salles
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:17
  4. Surgeons have a range of materials to choose from to complete wound closure, yet surprisingly very little is still known about the body’s immune response to the suture materials in current use. The growing lit...

    Authors: Alistair M. Lock, Ryan Gao, Dorit Naot, Brendan Coleman, Jillian Cornish and David S. Musson
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:16
  5. Fall incidents are a major problem for patients and healthcare. The “Aachen Fall Prevention App” (AFPA) represents the first mobile Health (mHealth) application (app) empowering older patients (persons 50+ yea...

    Authors: Peter Rasche, Alexander Mertens, Christina Bröhl, Sabine Theis, Tobias Seinsch, Matthias Wille, Hans-Christoph Pape and Matthias Knobe
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:14
  6. Anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a well-established surgical treatment. Several types of intervertebral spacers can be used, but there is increasing evidence that PEEK cages yield insufficient...

    Authors: Andreas Kotsias, Sven Mularski, Björn Kühn, Michael Hanna and Olaf Suess
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:13
  7. Anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a well-established surgical treatment for radiculopathy and myelopathy. Previous studies showed that empty PEEK cages have lower radiographic fusion rates, but...

    Authors: Olaf Suess, Martin Schomaker, Mario Cabraja, Marco Danne, Theodoros Kombos and Michael Hanna
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:12
  8. Forced-air warming is used as a mechanism to prevent hypothermia and adverse outcomes associated with hypothermia among patients undergoing surgery. Patient safety in healthcare includes the use of devices and...

    Authors: Melanie F. Sandoval, Paul D. Mongan, Michael R. Dayton and Craig A. Hogan
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:11
  9. Approximately 12% of all ureteral stents placed are retained or “forgotten.” Forgotten stents are associated with significant safety concerns as well as increased costs and legal issues. Retained ureteral sten...

    Authors: Wilson R. Molina, Rodrigo Pessoa, Rodrigo Donalisio da Silva, McCabe C. Kenny, Diedra Gustafson, Leticia Nogueira, Mark E. Leo, Michael K. Yu and Fernando J. Kim
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:10
  10. Surgical site marking is one important cornerstone for the principles of safe surgery suggested by the WHO. Generally it is recommended that the attending surgeon performs the surgical site marking. Particular...

    Authors: Judit Schäfli-Thurnherr, Annette Biegger, Christopher Soll and Gian A. Melcher
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:9
  11. The need for reoperation or wound infection treatments between pulsatile and gravity irrigation are statistically equivalent, however, it is unclear which method maximizes operative efficiency and expeditious ...

    Authors: Lily R. Mundy, Mark J. Gage, Richard S. Yoon and Frank A. Liporace
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:7
  12. Conventional screws used for fracture fixation in orthopedic surgery continue to rely on the historic buttress thread design. While buttress screws generally provide solid resistance against unidirectional axi...

    Authors: Philip F. Stahel, Nicholas A. Alfonso, Corey Henderson and Todd Baldini
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:6
  13. Atlantoaxial rotatory fixation is a condition in which the first and second vertebrae of the cervical spine become interlocked in a rotated position. This condition can result in serious consequences and thus ...

    Authors: Hiroshi Sakaida, Koji Akeda, Akihiro Sudo and Kazuhiko Takeuchi
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:5
  14. Inter-professional teamwork in the operating room is important for patient safety. The World Health Organization (WHO) checklist was introduced to improve intraoperative teamwork. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Sofia Erestam, Eva Haglind, David Bock, Annette Erichsen Andersson and Eva Angenete
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:4
  15. The growing economization of the health care system and implication of market principles in the medical field have risen new and serious questions on the meaning of the medical profession, the doctor-patient r...

    Authors: Joerg Schnoor, Elmar Braehler, Mohamed Ghanem and Christoph E. Heyde
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:3
  16. The risk of postoperative surgical site infection after long bone fracture fixation can be decreased with appropriate antibiotic use. However, there is no agreement on the superiority of a single- or multiple-...

    Authors: Itai Gans, Amit Jain, Norachart Sirisreetreerux, Elliott R. Haut and Erik A. Hasenboehler
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:2
  17. The use of fluoroscopy has become commonplace in many orthopaedic surgery procedures. The benefits of fluoroscopy are not without risk of radiation to patient, surgeon, and operating room staff. There is a pau...

    Authors: Daniel J. Kaplan, Jay N. Patel, Frank A. Liporace and Richard S. Yoon
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:27
  18. Periprosthetic distal femur fractures associated with total knee replacement are increasing in incidence. We hypothesized that a standardized management protocol would result in few implant failures and a low ...

    Authors: Wade R. Smith, Jason W. Stoneback, Steven J. Morgan and Philip F. Stahel
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:26
  19. Cemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a safe and common procedure. In rare cases life threatening bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) may occur, which is commonly caused by pulmonary embolism (PE).

    Authors: Anita ten Hagen, Pieter Doldersum and Tom van Raaij
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:25
  20. Endotracheal intubation in severely injured patients is known to be a risk factor for systemic complications. We aimed to examine the changes in intubation rates and durations in severely injured trauma patien...

    Authors: Khalid Almahmoud, Michel Teuben, Hagen Andruszkow, Klemens Horst, Rolf Lefering, Frank Hildebrand, Hans Christoph Pape and Roman Pfeifer
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:24
  21. The national incidence of adverse events (AEs) in Swedish orthopedic care has never been described. A new national database has made it possible to describe incidence, nature, preventability and consequences o...

    Authors: Hans Rutberg, Madeleine Borgstedt-Risberg, Pelle Gustafson and Maria Unbeck
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:23
  22. Inadvertently retained sponges and instruments still constitute a major but preventable complication in surgery. Given the high geographic mobility of patients, the fluctuation of physician-patient contact, an...

    Authors: Johannes Ackermann, Moritz Kanzow, Micaela Mathiak, Ulrich Pecks, Nicolai Maass and Ibrahim Alkatout
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:22
  23. Successfully completing a surgical informed consent process is an important element of the preoperative consult. A previous study of Dutch general surgeons demonstrated that the implementation of SIC did not m...

    Authors: Wouter K. G. Leclercq, Sarah Sloot, Bram J. Keulers, Saskia Houterman, Johan Legemaate, Margot Veerman, Leslie Thomas and Marc R. Scheltinga
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:21
  24. Providing quality patient care is a basic tenant of medical and surgical practice. Multiple orthopaedic programs, including The Patient Safety Committee of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), ...

    Authors: Ryan Charles, Brandon Hood, Joseph M. Derosier, John W. Gosbee, Ying Li, Michelle S. Caird, J. Sybil Biermann and Mark E. Hake
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:20
  25. Needle stick injuries (NSIs) have the potential of causing Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C, which is constantly adding to the burden of chronic liver disease in our country. It poses a risk to Health Care Workers ...

    Authors: Abdul Rafay Qazi, Furqan Ali Siddiqui, Salman Faridi, Urooj Nadeem, Nida Iqbal Umer, Zainab Saeed Mohsini, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi and Mehmood Khan
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:19
  26. Lower extremity acute compartment syndrome after gynecologic surgery in the lithotomy position is a rare, yet potentially devastating complication. A high level of suspicion is paramount for early recognition ...

    Authors: Nicole Stornelli, Frank B. Wydra, Justin J. Mitchell, Philip F. Stahel and Stefka Fabbri
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:18
  27. In recent years, the number of lung transplants has increased rapidly, with higher quality of life and improved survival rates in transplant recipients, including patients with advanced age. This, in turn, mea...

    Authors: Jürgen W. Schmitt, Christian Benden, Claudio Dora and Clément M.L. Werner
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:17
  28. The two-stage liver resection combining in situ liver transection with portal vein ligation, also referred to as ALPPS (Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation for Staged hepatectomy), has been de...

    Authors: Felix Oldhafer, Kristina I. Ringe, Kai Timrott, Moritz Kleine, Wolf Ramackers, Sebastian Cammann, Mark D. Jäger, Juergen Klempnauer, Hueseyin Bektas and Florian W. R. Vondran
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:16
  29. The informed medical consent in surgery requires to some point basic medical knowledge. The treating physicians while explaining the details and risks of the recommended procedure often imply this. We hypothes...

    Authors: Sebastian Weckbach, Tugrul Kocak, Heiko Reichel and Friederike Lattig
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:15
  30. Inflating the balloon of Foley catheter in urethra is a complication of urethral catheterisation. We report five patients in whom this complication occurred because of unskilled catheterisation. Due to lack of...

    Authors: Vaidyanathan Subramanian, Bakul M. Soni, Peter L. Hughes, Gurpreet Singh and Tun Oo
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:14
  31. The diagnosis of acute appendicitis in overweight patients is challenging due to the limited value of the clinical examination. The benefits of ultrasonography and abdominal CT have been studied in the general...

    Authors: Marc-Olivier Sauvain, Sandra Tschirky, Michael A. Patak, Pierre-Alain Clavien, Dieter Hahnloser and Markus K. Muller
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:13
  32. The femoral neck fracture is one of the most common fractures in the elderly. A variety of methods and approaches are used to treat it. Total hip arthroplasty is a preferred approach in independent, mobile, el...

    Authors: Grégoire Thürig, Jürgen Wilfried Schmitt, Ksenija Slankamenac and Clément M. L. Werner
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:12
  33. Marking the surgical site is a well-established part of pre-operative protocol and errors in marking have been implicated in wrong site surgery incidents and are a significant patient safety issue. There are m...

    Authors: F. C. J. Sim, D. Angadi, G. E. Jarvis and M. Porteous
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:11
  34. There is a need for effective drugs in the prevention and treatment of heterotopic ossifications (HO) after fractures. Echinomycin has been shown to prevent formation of HO in an animal model. However, before ...

    Authors: Thorsten Jentzsch, Stefan M. Zimmermann, Flora Nicholls, Paolo Cinelli, Hans-Peter Simmen and Clément M. L. Werner
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:7
  35. Modular mega-endoprosthesis systems are used to bridge very large bone defects and have become a widespread method in orthopaedic surgery for the treatment of tumours and revision arthroplasty. However, the in...

    Authors: Dirk Zajonz, Almut Zieme, Torsten Prietzel, Michael Moche, Solveig Tiepoldt, Andreas Roth, Christoph Josten, Georg Freiherr von Salis-Soglio, Christoph- E. Heyde and Mohamed Ghanem
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:6
  36. The General Medical Council states that effective note keeping is essential and records should be clear, accurate and legible. However previous studies of operation notes have shown they can be variable in qua...

    Authors:
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:5

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:8

  37. The use of the extra-vertebral balloon osteoplasty is increasing and in the meanwhile it has become a safe surgical technique in the treatment of tibial head, distal radius and calcaneus fractures. In addition...

    Authors: Gunther H. Sandmann, Sebastian Siebenlist, Florian B. Imhoff, Philipp Ahrens, Markus Neumaier, Thomas Freude and Peter Biberthaler
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:4
  38. Team-based group communications using checklists are widely advocated to achieve shared understandings and improve patient safety. Despite the positive effect checklists have on collaborations and reduced post...

    Authors: Brigid M. Gillespie, Teresa K. Withers, Joanne Lavin, Therese Gardiner and Andrea P. Marshall
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:3
  39. Many adverse events occur due to poor communication between surgical and anesthesia unit personnel. The aim of this study was to identify strategies to reduce risks unveiled by a national survey on patient saf...

    Authors: Katarina Göransson, Johan Lundberg, Olle Ljungqvist, Elisabet Ohlsson and Gabriel Sandblom
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:2
  40. Lowering air-borne bacteria counts in the operating room is essential in prevention of surgical site infections in orthopaedic joint replacement surgery. This is mainly achieved by decreasing bacteria counts t...

    Authors: Piotr Kasina, Ann Tammelin, Anne-Marie Blomfeldt, Bengt Ljungqvist, Berit Reinmüller and Carin Ottosson
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2016 10:1
  41. Accuracy evaluation of navigated image free placement of double cortical fixation buttons for coracoclavicular tunnel position in comparison to conventional drill guide based placement.

    Authors: Jan Theopold, Bastian Marquass, Nikolaus von Dercks, Maria Mütze, Ralf Henkelmann, Christoph Josten and Pierre Hepp
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2015 9:41
  42. Radiographic parameters and indices obtained from hip x-rays are a potential tool to promptly estimate bone quality in elderly hip fracture patients. Preoperative decision in whether to use cemented or cement ...

    Authors: Andy K. S. Yeo, Annette B Ahrberg, Jan D. Theopold, Sebastian Ewens, Gudrun Borte, Christoph Josten and Johannes K. M. Fakler
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2015 9:39

Editors-in-Chief
Prof Philip F Stahel, Mission Health, USA
Prof Pierre-Alain Clavien, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland

Managing Editors
Prof Sebastian Weckbach, University Hospital Ulm, Germany
Dr Navid Ziran, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Arizona, USA

Senior Editor Emeritus
Dr Steven Schelkun,  AO North America, USA
Prof George Youngson, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Scotland

Associate Editors
Prof Walter Biffl, Scripps Memorial Hospital, USA
Prof Markus W Buechler, University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
Dr. Jeffrey Galinkin, The Medical Center of Aurora, USA
Prof Christoph E Heyde, University Hospital Leipzig, Germany
Prof James Kellam, Carolinas Medical Center, USA
Dr Fernando Kim, Denver Health Medical Center, USA 
Prof Martin A Makary, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, USA 
Dr Claudia Medina, IPS Universitaria Clinica Leon XIII, Colombia
Prof Philip S Mehler, Eating Recovery Center, USA
Prof Ernest E Moore, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Prof Hans-Christoph Pape, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
Prof Rodrigo Pesántez, Universidad de los Andes Bogotá, Colombia
Dr. Carlos Rodriguez, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, USA
Prof Andrew H Schmidt, Minnesota University, USA
Dr Jeffrey Smith, Orthopaedic Trauma & Fracture Specialist Medical Corp, USA
Prof Wade R Smith, Swedish Medical Center, USA
Prof Adam Starr, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, USA
Prof Charles Vincent, University of Oxford, UK
Dr Boris A. Zelle, University of Texas Health, USA
Prof Bruce Ziran, Hughston Clinic at Gwinnett Medical Center, USA

Statistical Advisors
Dr Stefan Sauerland, Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Healthcare (IQWiG), Germany
Dr Allison E Williams, Bay Pines VA Health Care System, USA

Editorial Board
Prof Fernando Baldy dos Reis, UNIFESP-Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil
Prof Jeffrey Barkun, McGill University Health Center, Canada
Dr Nathan C Butler, University of California Davis, USA
Dr. Bayley E. Clarke, Georgetown University, USA
Dr Ted Clarke, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Prof Nicolas Demartines, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland
Dr Johannes Fakler, University of Leipzig, Germany
Prof Beat Gloor, University of Bern, Switzerland
Dr Andrew Grose, Westchester Medical Center, USA 
Prof Dieter Hahnloser, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland
Prof Jiandong Hao, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, China
Prof Kirk Hogan, University of Wisconsin, USA
Prof Markus Huber-Lang, University of Ulm, Germany
Dr Kyros Ipaktchi, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Dr Thilo John, DRK Hospital Berlin-Westend, Germany 
Dr Jeffrey L Johnson, Henry Ford Hospital, USA
Prof Jeffry Kashuk, Tel Aviv University-Sackler School of Medicine, Israel
Prof Christian K Lackner, LMU University, Germany
Dr Geeta Lal, University of Iowa, USA
Dr Alan Lembitz, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Prof Matthias Majetschak, Loyola University, USA
Dr Timothy Moore, MetroHealth Medical Center, USA
Dr John Mukhopadhaya, Mukhopadhaya Orthopaedic Clinic, India
Prof Giuseppe Nigri, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Dr Lena Nilsson, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden
Dr Fredric Pieracci, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Dr Andrew Robson, University of Edinburgh, UK
Dr Jeffrey Varnell, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Dr Ryan Will, Olympia Orthopaedic Association, USA
Dr Gerald Zarlengo, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies, USA