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  1. Open reduction and internal fixation remains the standard treatment for displaced unstable ankle fractures. Plate fixation represents the most frequently used instrumentation option in fibula fractures and fav...

    Authors: Guilherme Boni, Gustavo T. Sanchez, Gustavo Arliani, Boris A. Zelle, Robinson E. Pires and Fernando B. dos Reis
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:31
  2. Surgical implant material has changed over time, from metal to stainless steel to titanium. In recent decades a new material, carbon-fibre-reinforced polyether ether ketone, has been introduced. The aim of thi...

    Authors: Florin Allemann, Sascha Halvachizadeh, Thomas Rauer and Hans-Christoph Pape
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:30
  3. Small gauze is used in laparoscopy; therefore, retention of gauze can occur. We experienced a case of retention of a radiopaque thread that ruptured from a piece of gauze and moved into the peritoneum during a...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Oshima, Osamu Yamamoto, Akihiro Otsuki, Saori Tokunaga, Keiichiro Ueda and Yoshimi Inagaki
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:29
  4. The Surgical Risk Preoperative Assessment System (SURPAS) is a parsimonious set of models providing accurate preoperative prediction of common adverse outcomes for individual patients. However, focus groups wi...

    Authors: William G. Henderson, Michael R. Bronsert, Karl E. Hammermeister, Anne Lambert-Kerzner and Robert A. Meguid
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:28
  5. Morbidity & Mortality (M&M) meetings are a critical component of clinical governance. They have the potential to improve patient outcomes, quality of care, attitudes towards patient safety and they contribute ...

    Authors: Daniel M. Sinitsky, Siri B. Gowda, Khaled Dawas and Bimbi S. Fernando
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:27
  6. Healthcare-associated illnesses, of which surgical site infection is the most common are significant causes of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence and root causes o...

    Authors: Kidanie Fisha, Muluken Azage, Getasew Mulat and Koku Sisay Tamirat
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:26
  7. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an effective adjunct in hemodynamic unstable patients with uncontrolled and non-compressible torso hemorrhage promoting temporary stability ...

    Authors: Orkun Özkurtul, Holger Staab, Georg Osterhoff, Benjamin Ondruschka, Andreas Höch, Christoph Josten and Johannes Karl Maria Fakler
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:25
  8. Respect for patient autonomy and the requirement of informed consent is an essential basic patient right. It is constituted through international conventions and implemented in health law in Norway and most ot...

    Authors: Jorgen Dahlberg, Vegard Dahl, Reidun Forde and Reidar Pedersen
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:24
  9. Patients with hemodynamically unstable pelvic fractures have high mortality due to delayed hemorrhage control. We hypothesized that the availability of interventional radiology (IR) for angioembolization may v...

    Authors: Stephanie Jarvis, Alessandro Orlando, Benoit Blondeau, Kaysie Banton, Cassandra Reynolds, Gina M. Berg, Nimesh Patel, Michael Kelly, Matthew Carrick and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:23
  10. Daily routine laboratory testing is unnecessary in most admitted patients. The opportunity to reduce daily laboratory testing in orthopaedic trauma patients has not been previously investigated.

    Authors: Raj. M. Amin, Alexander E. Loeb, Erik A. Hasenboehler, Adam S. Levin, Greg M. Osgood, Robert S. Sterling, Philip F. Stahel and Babar Shafiq
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:22
  11. Shoulder arthroscopy is a safe and effective procedure with a low complication rate. Although rare, there are potentially life-threatening risks such as fluid extravasation causing airway compromise.

    Authors: Brandon R. Vier, Kyle W. Mombell, Erin L. Gagliano, Nicole M. King and Lucas S. McDonald
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:21
  12. The most common complications after total mastectomy with axillary lymph node treatment are prolonged drainage and seroma formation. The aim of this study was to find factors correlated with prolonged fluid di...

    Authors: Hiroshi Isozaki, Yasuhisa Yamamoto, Shigeki Murakami, Sasau Matsumoto and Takehiro Takama
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:20
  13. Closed reduction with long leg casting is a widely practiced method of acute management of lower extremity fractures but may be cumbersome and time consuming. To our knowledge, only one method of single practi...

    Authors: Robert L. Parisien and Kenneth J. McAlpine
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:19
  14. Major life changes are among factors that cause anxiety, and one of these changes is surgery. Hospitalization, regardless of disease, is known to provoke anxiety in the patient admitted for surgery. Anxiety is...

    Authors: Asres Bedaso and Mohammed Ayalew
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:18
  15. Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) has gained much attention by enhancing the aesthetic outcome in breast carcinoma patients. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of malignant affection of the nippl...

    Authors: Mohammed Faisal, Hamada Fathy, Ahmed M. M. Gomaa, Haidi Abd-Elzaher, Mohamed A. H. Ahmed and Mohamed Gamal Sayed
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:15
  16. The World Health Organization (WHO) Surgical Safety Checklist is used globally to ensure patient safety during surgery. Two years after its implementation in the University Hospital Basel’s operating rooms, ad...

    Authors: René Schwendimann, Catherine Blatter, Marc Lüthy, Giulia Mohr, Thierry Girard, Siegfried Batzer, Erica Davis and Henry Hoffmann
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:14
  17. Knowledge of periacetabular anatomy is crucial for prosthetic cup placement in total hip arthroplasty and for screw placement in anterior fixation with acetabular fractures. It is known that degree of hip dysp...

    Authors: Simon Tiziani, Georg Osterhoff, Jan-Farei Campagna and Clément M. L. Werner
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:13
  18. Proximal humerus fractures are frequent, and several studies show low diagnostic agreement among the observers, as well as an inaccurate classification of these lesions. The divergences are generally correlate...

    Authors: Luiz Fernando Cocco, João Alberto Yazzigi Jr, Eduardo Felipe Kin Ito Kawakami, Helio Jorge Fernandes Alvachian, Fernando Baldy dos Reis and Marcus Vinicius Malheiro Luzo
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:12
  19. Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) is a major problem for patient safety and surgical site infection (SSI) is a type of HAI and the most common form of infection related to surgical health care. Transmissi...

    Authors: Adeodatus Yuda Handaya and Victor Agastya Pramudya Werdana
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:11
  20. Surgical Site Infections (SSI) are the most reported health acquired infection and common surgical complication in both developed and developing countries. In developing countries such as Rwanda, there is a pa...

    Authors: Marie Josée Mukagendaneza, Emmanuel Munyaneza, Esperance Muhawenayo, Dancilla Nyirasebura, Egide Abahuje, John Nyirigira, Jean De Dieu Harelimana, Thierry Zawadi Muvunyi, Florence Masaisa, Jean Claude Byiringiro, Théobald Hategekimana and Claude Mambo Muvunyi
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:10
  21. The deltopectoral approach is a well-described surgical approach to the proximal humerus and glenohumeral joint. One of the structures at risk during this approach is the axillary nerve. Typically, the axillar...

    Authors: Richard A. Pizzo, Jeffrey Lynch, Donald M. Adams, Richard S. Yoon and Frank A. Liporace
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:9
  22. Orthopedic trauma surgery has multiple, both patient-based and surgeon-based risk factors. Evaluating and modifying certain patient safety factors could mitigate some of these risks. This study investigates th...

    Authors: Sascha Halvachizadeh, Henrik Teuber, Paolo Cinelli, Florin Allemann, Hans-Christoph Pape and Valentin Neuhaus
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:8
  23. In terms of upper extremity fractures by patients with multiple injuires, a lot of studies have assessed the functional outcome following trauma to have less favorable outcomes in regards to functional recover...

    Authors: Florin Allemann, Sandro Heining, Boris Zelle, Christian Probst and Hans-Christoph Pape
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:7
  24. Mortality from hemodynamically unstable pelvic fractures remains high. Guidelines offer varying care approaches including the use of pelvic packing (PP), which was recently adopted for potential control of ble...

    Authors: Benoit Blondeau, Alessandro Orlando, Stephanie Jarvis, Kaysie Banton, Gina M. Berg, Nimesh Patel, Rick Meinig, Allen Tanner II, Matthew Carrick and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:3
  25. Bile duct injury is the most feared complication during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Real-time intraoperative imaging using indocyanine green (ICG) might reduce the risk of bile duct injury by improving visua...

    Authors: Peter C. Ambe, Jens Plambeck, Victoria Fernandez-Jesberg and Konstantinos Zarras
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:2
  26. Arthrofibrosis after total knee arthroplasty represents a considerable burden for the patient and a therapeutic challenge for the practitioner. One possible cause discussed in the literature is a low-grade inf...

    Authors: C. Brückner, E. Straube, I. Petersen, S. Sachse, P. Keller, F. Layher, G. Matziolis, U. Spiegl, D. Zajonz, M. Edel and A. Roth
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:1
  27. Multiple disciplines have described an “after-hours effect” relating to worsened mortality and morbidity outside regular working hours. This retrospective observational study aimed to evaluate whether diagnost...

    Authors: Kirit Singh, Michael S. J. Wilson and Maria Coats
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:33
  28. Nonoperative management for blunt splenic injury is the preferred treatment. To improve the outcome of selective nonoperative therapy, the current challenge is to identify factors that predict failure. Little ...

    Authors: Michel Paul Johan Teuben, Roy Spijkerman, Taco Johan Blokhuis, Roman Pfeifer, Henrik Teuber, Hans-Christoph Pape and Luke Petrus Hendrikus Leenen
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:32
  29. Recent advances have led to the design of a new cephalomedullary nail, which aims to decrease the risk of failures in patients with intertrochanteric hip fractures by allowing for insertion of two interdigitat...

    Authors: Boris A. Zelle, Antonio J. Webb, Christopher Matson, Michael Morwood, Khang H. Dang, Samuel S. Ornell, Gabrielle Gostigian, Cody M. Ramirez and Hassan Mir
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:31
  30. Dexamethasone has been routinely used in the pre-operative setting to enhance analgesia and decrease the incidence of nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing primary arthroplasty. However, dexamethasone has...

    Authors: Robert S. O’Connell, Bryce N. Clinger, Erin E. Donahue, Francesco S. Celi and Gregory J. Golladay
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:30
  31. Spinal myelitis is an infrequent manifestation of spinal cord infection. It is caused by the Schistosoma species, which are endemic in South America, part of the Middle East, and Africa.

    Authors: Abdulrahman Hamad Al-Abdulwahhab, Abdulaziz Mohammad Al-Sharydah, Sari Saleh Al-Suhibani, Saeed Ahmad Al-Jubran, Ali Khalaf Al-Haidey, Abdulkhaliq Ibrahim Al-Hifzi and Wissam Al-Issawi
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:28
  32. There have been no large-scale epidemiological studies of outcomes and perioperative complications in morbidly obese trauma patients who have sustained closed pelvic ring or acetabular fractures. We examined t...

    Authors: James T. Carson, Sabin G. Shah, Gezzer Ortega, Sorawut Thamyongkit, Erik A. Hasenboehler and Babar Shafiq
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:26
  33. Elective surgical case cancellation refers to any elective surgical case that is the list on the day prior to surgery but not operated upon as scheduled. Case cancellation has a major cause of psychological tr...

    Authors: Melaku Desta, Addissu Manaye, Abiot Tefera, Atalay Worku, Alemitu Wale, Alemlanchi Mebrat and Negesso Gobena
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:25
  34. Bowel incarceration represents a dreaded complication amongst patients with hernias. The intraoperative evaluation of the bowel perfusion following hernia reduction with regard to the need for resection of isc...

    Authors: Dimitra Daskalopoulou, Joseph Kankam, Jens Plambeck, Peter C. Ambe and Konstantinos Zarras
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:24
  35. The marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve is vulnerable to iatrogenic injuries during surgeries involving the submandibular region. This leads to significant post-operative morbidity. Studies assessin...

    Authors: Dimonge Joseph Anthony, Basnayaka Mudiyanselage Oshan Deshanjana Basnayake, Yasith Mathangasinghe and Ajith Peiris Malalasekera
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:23
  36. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a significant complication following knee and hip arthroplasty. National and international guidelines recommend pharmacological and mechanical thromboprophylaxis following ...

    Authors: Mohammad Amre Fallaha, Sarkhell Radha and Sheena Patel
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:22
  37. A retained surgical sponge remains a dreaded complication of modern surgery. Despite the increasing focus on patient safety instances of “a sponge being left in the abdomen”, are all too common in popular medi...

    Authors: Tushar Patial, Namit Rathore, Angesh Thakur, Digvijay Thakur and Kanika Sharma
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:21
  38. Unintended retention of foreign bodies remain the most frequently reported sentinel events. Surgical sponges account for the majority of these retained items. The purpose of this study was to describe reports ...

    Authors: Victoria M. Steelman, Clarissa Shaw, Laurel Shine and Abbey J. Hardy-Fairbanks
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:20
  39. Accurate anatomical landmarks to locate the thoracodorsal nerve are important in axillary clearance surgery.

    Authors: Dimonge Joseph Anthony, Basnayaka Mudiyanselage Oshan Deshanjana Basnayake, Nambunanayakkara Mahapalliyaguruge Gagana Ganga, Yasith Mathangasinghe and Ajith Peiris Malalasekera
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:18
  40. The Joint Trauma System has demonstrated improved outcomes through coordinated research and process improvement programs. With fewer combat trauma patients, our military American College of Surgeons level 2 tr...

    Authors: Matthew J. Bradley, Angela T. Kindvall, Ashley E. Humphries, Elliot M. Jessie, John S. Oh, Debra M. Malone, Jeffrey A. Bailey, Philip W. Perdue, Eric A. Elster and Carlos J. Rodriguez
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:17
  41. Widespread legislative efforts to legalize marijuana have increased the prevalence of marijuana use and abuse. The effects of marijuana on pain tolerance and analgesic pain management in the acute pain setting...

    Authors: Kristin Salottolo, Laura Peck, Allen Tanner II, Matthew M. Carrick, Robert Madayag, Emmett McGuire and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:16
  42. There are limited efficacious treatment options for severe osteoarthritis of the knee (OAK). The Low Molecular Weight Fraction of 5% human serum Albumin (LMWF-5A) is in development to treat severe OAK. This st...

    Authors: Kristin Salottolo, Brian Cole and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:11

Prof Philip F Stahel, Mission Health, USA
Prof Pierre-Alain Clavien, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland

Managing Editors
Prof Sebastian Weckbach, University Hospital Ulm, Germany
Dr Navid Ziran, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Arizona, USA

Senior Editor Emeritus
Dr Steven Schelkun,  AO North America, USA
Prof George Youngson, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Scotland

Associate Editors
Prof Walter Biffl, Scripps Memorial Hospital, USA
Prof Markus W Buechler, University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
Dr Jeffrey Galinkin, The Medical Center of Aurora, USA
Prof Christoph E Heyde, University Hospital Leipzig, Germany
Prof James Kellam, Carolinas Medical Center, USA
Dr Fernando Kim, Denver Health Medical Center, USA 
Prof Martin A Makary, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, USA 
Dr Claudia Medina, IPS Universitaria Clinica Leon XIII, Colombia
Prof Philip S Mehler, Eating Recovery Center, USA
Prof Ernest E Moore, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Prof Hans-Christoph Pape, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
Prof Rodrigo Pesántez, Universidad de los Andes Bogotá, Colombia
Dr Carlos Rodriguez, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, USA
Prof Andrew H Schmidt, Minnesota University, USA
Dr Andie Slivinski, Mission Health, USA
Dr Jeffrey Smith, Orthopaedic Trauma & Fracture Specialist Medical Corp, USA
Prof Wade R Smith, Swedish Medical Center, USA
Prof Adam Starr, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, USA
Prof Charles Vincent, University of Oxford, UK
Dr Boris A. Zelle, University of Texas Health, USA
Prof Bruce Ziran, Hughston Clinic at Gwinnett Medical Center, USA

Statistical Advisors
Dr Stefan Sauerland, Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Healthcare (IQWiG), Germany
Dr Allison E Williams, Bay Pines VA Health Care System, USA

Editorial Board
Prof Fernando Baldy dos Reis, UNIFESP-Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil
Prof Jeffrey Barkun, McGill University Health Center, Canada
Dr Nathan C Butler, University of California Davis, USA
Dr. Bayley E. Clarke, Georgetown University, USA
Dr Ted Clarke, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Prof Nicolas Demartines, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland
Dr Johannes Fakler, University of Leipzig, Germany
Prof Beat Gloor, University of Bern, Switzerland
Dr Andrew Grose, Westchester Medical Center, USA 
Prof Dieter Hahnloser, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland
Prof Jiandong Hao, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, China
Prof Kirk Hogan, University of Wisconsin, USA
Prof Markus Huber-Lang, University of Ulm, Germany
Dr Kyros Ipaktchi, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Dr Thilo John, DRK Hospital Berlin-Westend, Germany 
Dr Jeffrey L Johnson, Henry Ford Hospital, USA
Prof Jeffry Kashuk, Tel Aviv University-Sackler School of Medicine, Israel
Prof Christian K Lackner, LMU University, Germany
Dr Geeta Lal, University of Iowa, USA
Dr Alan Lembitz, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Prof Matthias Majetschak, Loyola University, USA
Dr Timothy Moore, MetroHealth Medical Center, USA
Dr John Mukhopadhaya, Mukhopadhaya Orthopaedic Clinic, India
Prof Giuseppe Nigri, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Dr Lena Nilsson, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden
Dr Fredric Pieracci, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Dr Andrew Robson, University of Edinburgh, UK
Dr Jeffrey Varnell, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Dr Ryan Will, Olympia Orthopaedic Association, USA
Dr Gerald Zarlengo, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies, USA