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  1. Mortality from hemodynamically unstable pelvic fractures remains high. Guidelines offer varying care approaches including the use of pelvic packing (PP), which was recently adopted for potential control of ble...

    Authors: Benoit Blondeau, Alessandro Orlando, Stephanie Jarvis, Kaysie Banton, Gina M. Berg, Nimesh Patel, Rick Meinig, Allen Tanner II, Matthew Carrick and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:3
  2. Bile duct injury is the most feared complication during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Real-time intraoperative imaging using indocyanine green (ICG) might reduce the risk of bile duct injury by improving visua...

    Authors: Peter C. Ambe, Jens Plambeck, Victoria Fernandez-Jesberg and Konstantinos Zarras
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:2
  3. Arthrofibrosis after total knee arthroplasty represents a considerable burden for the patient and a therapeutic challenge for the practitioner. One possible cause discussed in the literature is a low-grade inf...

    Authors: C. Brückner, E. Straube, I. Petersen, S. Sachse, P. Keller, F. Layher, G. Matziolis, U. Spiegl, D. Zajonz, M. Edel and A. Roth
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2019 13:1
  4. Multiple disciplines have described an “after-hours effect” relating to worsened mortality and morbidity outside regular working hours. This retrospective observational study aimed to evaluate whether diagnost...

    Authors: Kirit Singh, Michael S. J. Wilson and Maria Coats
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:33
  5. Nonoperative management for blunt splenic injury is the preferred treatment. To improve the outcome of selective nonoperative therapy, the current challenge is to identify factors that predict failure. Little ...

    Authors: Michel Paul Johan Teuben, Roy Spijkerman, Taco Johan Blokhuis, Roman Pfeifer, Henrik Teuber, Hans-Christoph Pape and Luke Petrus Hendrikus Leenen
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:32
  6. Recent advances have led to the design of a new cephalomedullary nail, which aims to decrease the risk of failures in patients with intertrochanteric hip fractures by allowing for insertion of two interdigitat...

    Authors: Boris A. Zelle, Antonio J. Webb, Christopher Matson, Michael Morwood, Khang H. Dang, Samuel S. Ornell, Gabrielle Gostigian, Cody M. Ramirez and Hassan Mir
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:31
  7. Dexamethasone has been routinely used in the pre-operative setting to enhance analgesia and decrease the incidence of nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing primary arthroplasty. However, dexamethasone has...

    Authors: Robert S. O’Connell, Bryce N. Clinger, Erin E. Donahue, Francesco S. Celi and Gregory J. Golladay
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:30
  8. Spinal myelitis is an infrequent manifestation of spinal cord infection. It is caused by the Schistosoma species, which are endemic in South America, part of the Middle East, and Africa.

    Authors: Abdulrahman Hamad Al-Abdulwahhab, Abdulaziz Mohammad Al-Sharydah, Sari Saleh Al-Suhibani, Saeed Ahmad Al-Jubran, Ali Khalaf Al-Haidey, Abdulkhaliq Ibrahim Al-Hifzi and Wissam Al-Issawi
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:28
  9. There have been no large-scale epidemiological studies of outcomes and perioperative complications in morbidly obese trauma patients who have sustained closed pelvic ring or acetabular fractures. We examined t...

    Authors: James T. Carson, Sabin G. Shah, Gezzer Ortega, Sorawut Thamyongkit, Erik A. Hasenboehler and Babar Shafiq
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:26
  10. Elective surgical case cancellation refers to any elective surgical case that is the list on the day prior to surgery but not operated upon as scheduled. Case cancellation has a major cause of psychological tr...

    Authors: Melaku Desta, Addissu Manaye, Abiot Tefera, Atalay Worku, Alemitu Wale, Alemlanchi Mebrat and Negesso Gobena
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:25
  11. Bowel incarceration represents a dreaded complication amongst patients with hernias. The intraoperative evaluation of the bowel perfusion following hernia reduction with regard to the need for resection of isc...

    Authors: Dimitra Daskalopoulou, Joseph Kankam, Jens Plambeck, Peter C. Ambe and Konstantinos Zarras
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:24
  12. The marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve is vulnerable to iatrogenic injuries during surgeries involving the submandibular region. This leads to significant post-operative morbidity. Studies assessin...

    Authors: Dimonge Joseph Anthony, Basnayaka Mudiyanselage Oshan Deshanjana Basnayake, Yasith Mathangasinghe and Ajith Peiris Malalasekera
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:23
  13. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a significant complication following knee and hip arthroplasty. National and international guidelines recommend pharmacological and mechanical thromboprophylaxis following ...

    Authors: Mohammad Amre Fallaha, Sarkhell Radha and Sheena Patel
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:22
  14. A retained surgical sponge remains a dreaded complication of modern surgery. Despite the increasing focus on patient safety instances of “a sponge being left in the abdomen”, are all too common in popular medi...

    Authors: Tushar Patial, Namit Rathore, Angesh Thakur, Digvijay Thakur and Kanika Sharma
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:21
  15. Unintended retention of foreign bodies remain the most frequently reported sentinel events. Surgical sponges account for the majority of these retained items. The purpose of this study was to describe reports ...

    Authors: Victoria M. Steelman, Clarissa Shaw, Laurel Shine and Abbey J. Hardy-Fairbanks
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:20
  16. Accurate anatomical landmarks to locate the thoracodorsal nerve are important in axillary clearance surgery.

    Authors: Dimonge Joseph Anthony, Basnayaka Mudiyanselage Oshan Deshanjana Basnayake, Nambunanayakkara Mahapalliyaguruge Gagana Ganga, Yasith Mathangasinghe and Ajith Peiris Malalasekera
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:18
  17. The Joint Trauma System has demonstrated improved outcomes through coordinated research and process improvement programs. With fewer combat trauma patients, our military American College of Surgeons level 2 tr...

    Authors: Matthew J. Bradley, Angela T. Kindvall, Ashley E. Humphries, Elliot M. Jessie, John S. Oh, Debra M. Malone, Jeffrey A. Bailey, Philip W. Perdue, Eric A. Elster and Carlos J. Rodriguez
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:17
  18. Widespread legislative efforts to legalize marijuana have increased the prevalence of marijuana use and abuse. The effects of marijuana on pain tolerance and analgesic pain management in the acute pain setting...

    Authors: Kristin Salottolo, Laura Peck, Allen Tanner II, Matthew M. Carrick, Robert Madayag, Emmett McGuire and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:16
  19. There are limited efficacious treatment options for severe osteoarthritis of the knee (OAK). The Low Molecular Weight Fraction of 5% human serum Albumin (LMWF-5A) is in development to treat severe OAK. This st...

    Authors: Kristin Salottolo, Brian Cole and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:11
  20. The increasing financial burden of orthopaedic implants on our health care system has prompted cost-control measures, such as implant reprocessing. The purpose of this study was to describe the current usage b...

    Authors: Sorawut Thamyongkit, Malick Bachabi, John M. Thompson, Babar Shafiq and Erik A. Hasenboehler
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:10
  21. The aim was to analyze hepatic hypertrophy after portal vein embolization (PVE) and Associating Liver Partition with Portal vein ligation for Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) to determine whether clinical circumstan...

    Authors: Naokazu Chiba, Kei Yokozuka, Shigeto Ochiai, Takahiro Gunji, Masaaki Okihara, Toru Sano, Koichi Tomita, Rina Tsutsui and Shigeyuki Kawachi
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:15
  22. The disease modifying potential of osteoarthritis therapies are of increasing interest, including their effects on delaying total knee replacement (TKR). To date, there have been no studies to determine the ef...

    Authors: John Schwappach, Joseph Schultz, Kristin Salottolo and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:14
  23. Risk assessment in surgery is essential to guide treatment decisions but is highly variable in practice. Providing formal preoperative risk assessment to surgical teams and patients may optimize understanding ...

    Authors: Anne Lambert-Kerzner, Kelsey Lynett Ford, Karl E. Hammermeister, William G. Henderson, Michael R. Bronsert and Robert A. Meguid
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:12
  24. The predictors of shunt dependency such as amount of subarachnoid blood, acute hydrocephalus (HC), mode of aneurysm repair, clinical grade at admission and cerebro spinal fluid (CSF) drainage in excess of 1500...

    Authors: Juan Manuel Vinas Rios, Martin Sanchez-Aguilar, Thomas Kretschmer, Christian Heinen, Fatima Azucena Medina Govea, Sanchez-Rodriguez Jose Juan and Thomas Schmidt
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:13
  25. The recurrence rate in lumbar disc herniations (LDH) has been reported between 5 and 25%. There are only few data about this phenomenon that occurs within days of the initial operation. We analyse early recurr...

    Authors: Juan Manuel Vinas-Rios, Martin Sanchez-Aguilar, Fatima Azucena Medina Govea, Viktor Von Beeg-Moreno and Frerk Meyer
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:9
  26. Seroma is the most frequent postoperative complication following breast cancer surgery. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of the harmonic focus scalpel versus electrocautery in reducing seroma formation post-...

    Authors: Mohammed Faisal, Hamada Fathy, Hamdy Shaban, Sameh T. Abuelela, Ahmed Marie and Islam Khaled
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:8
  27. We aimed to explore the feasibility and attitudes towards using video replay augmented with real time stress quantification for the self-assessment of clinical skills during simulated surgical ward crisis mana...

    Authors: Pasha Normahani, Nita Makwana, Wilhelm von Rosenberg, Sadie Syed, Danilo P. Mandic, Valentin Goverdovsky, Nigel J. Standfield and Usman Jaffer
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:6
  28. The prediction of postoperative complications is important for oral and maxillofacial surgeons. We herein aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS) an...

    Authors: Kiyohide Ishihata, Yasuyuki Kakihana, Takuya Yoshimura, Juri Murakami, Soichiro Toyodome, Hiroshi Hijioka, Etsuro Nozoe and Norifumi Nakamura
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:3
  29. Retrieval of inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) is important to decrease the long-term risk of complications associated with indwelling devices. Our hospital experienced low retrieval rates and implemented a l...

    Authors: Joshua Brown, Jeffery Talbert, Ryan Pennington, Qiong Han and Driss Raissi
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:5
  30. The treatment of humeral fractures remains controversial. Systematic reviews demonstrate similar results between dynamic compression plating and locked intramedullary nailing in the surgical treatment of these...

    Authors: Luiz Fernando Cocco, Benno Ejnisman, Paulo Santoro Belangero, Moises Cohen and Fernando Baldy dos Reis
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:4
  31. Emergency surgery is unplanned by definition and patients are scheduled for surgery with minimal preparation. Some patients who have sustained emergency orthopaedic trauma or other conditions must be operated ...

    Authors: Ulla Caesar, Jon Karlsson and Elisabeth Hansson
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:2
  32. The modularity in total hip arthroplasty (THA) allows orthopaedic surgeons for an exact reconstruction of hip biomechanical parameters especially in revision and tumor arthroplasty. Modular structured femoral ...

    Authors: Ronny Grunert, Stefan Schleifenbaum, Robert Möbius, Michael Kopper, Christian Rotsch, Welf-Guntram Drossel, Niels Hammer and Torsten Prietzel
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2018 12:1
  33. Radiation exposure is a concern in the field of medicine. Deformity spine surgeons depend on modalities that have high exposure through scoliosis x-rays or computed tomography. The use of fluoroscopy has incre...

    Authors: Jacob Riis, Rebecca R. Lehman, Robert A. Perera, John Ryan Quinn, Patricia Rinehart, Hans Robert Tuten and Victoria Kuester
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:32
  34. Unnecessary invasive procedures risk harming patients physically, emotionally, and financially. Very little is known about the factors that provide the motive, means, and opportunity (MMO) for unnecessary proc...

    Authors: James M. DuBois, John T. Chibnall, Emily E. Anderson, Heidi A. Walsh, Michelle Eggers, Kari Baldwin and Kelly K. Dineen
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:30
  35. A novel index, total liver LU15, has been identified as a surrogate marker for liver function. We evaluated the ability of preoperative remnant liver LU15 values to predict postoperative hepatic failure.

    Authors: Naokazu Chiba, Motohide Shimazu, Kiminori Takano, Go Oshima, Koichi Tomita, Toru Sano, Masaaki Okihara, Yosuke Ozawa, Kosuke Hikita, Takahiro Gunji, Yuta Abe, Kiyoshi Koizumi and Shigeyuki Kawachi
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:29
  36. Accidental foreign body ingestion is a common phenomenon in children between 6 months to 6 years of age. In adults, foreign body ingestion is commonly observed in the geriatric population and in patients with ...

    Authors: Johannes Dörner, Herbert Spelter, Hubert Zirngibl and Peter C. Ambe
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:28
  37. Authors: Philip F. Stahel, Wade R. Smith, Ernest E. Moore, Philip S. Mehler, Sebastian Weckbach, Fernando J. Kim, Nathan Butler, Hans-Christoph Pape, Ted J. Clarke, Martin A. Makary and Pierre-Alain Clavien
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:27
  38. The number of lumbar spine surgeries has been increasing during the last 20 years, which also leads to an increase in hospital costs and complications related to surgery. Therefore, there is a greater concern ...

    Authors: Manuel Segura-Trepichio, David Candela-Zaplana, José Manuel Montoza-Nuñez, Antonio Martin-Benlloch and Andreu Nolasco
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:26
  39. The term gossypiboma refers to a sponge that has been forgotten in the surgical field. It is the most common retained surgical item, and constitutes a continuing problem for surgical safety. We performed a hos...

    Authors: Boyodi Tchangai, Mazamaesso Tchaou, Iroukora Kassegne and Kpatekana Simlawo
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:25
  40. Pregnant women are at risk of infection during labor and delivery. Infection in obstetrics accounts for the second most common cause of maternal mortality next to post partum hemorrhage. Knowing the prevalence...

    Authors: Teshager Mamo, Tilaye Workneh Abebe, Tesfaye Yitna Chichiabellu and Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:24
  41. Cervical spine fracture-dislocations in neurologically intact patients represent a surgical challenge due to the risk of inflicting iatrogenic spinal cord compression by closed reduction maneuvers. The use of ...

    Authors: Sergiu Botolin, Todd F. VanderHeiden, Ernest E. Moore, Herbert Fried and Philip F. Stahel
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:23
  42. In spite of the improvement of many aspects around Total knee arthroplasty (TKA), there is still a group of 10% to 34% of patients who is not satisfied with the outcome. The therapy of chronic pain after TKA r...

    Authors: Dirk Zajonz, Johannes K. M. Fakler, Anna-Judith Dahse, Fujiaoshou Junping Zhao, Melanie Edel, Christoph Josten and Andreas Roth
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:22
  43. Hydatid disease (HD) is a cosmopolitan parasitosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus that can potentially affect any part of the human body. Liver and lungs are the most frequent localizations. Primary musculoske...

    Authors: A. Marzouki, A. Naam, S. Abdulrazak, B. Soumaré, K. Lahrach and F. Boutayeb
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:21
  44. Ipsilateral femoral shaft and neck fractures are rare injuries, affecting mostly young patients who sustained high-energy traumas. In 19–50% of cases, the femoral fracture is misdiagnosed or overlooked at the ...

    Authors: Sönke Labza, Isabella Fassola, Benedict Kunz, Wolfgang Ertel and Senat Krasnici
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2017 11:20

Editors-in-Chief
Prof Philip F Stahel, Mission Health, USA
Prof Pierre-Alain Clavien, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland

Managing Editors
Prof Sebastian Weckbach, University Hospital Ulm, Germany
Dr Navid Ziran, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Arizona, USA

Senior Editor Emeritus
Dr Steven Schelkun,  AO North America, USA
Prof George Youngson, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Scotland

Associate Editors
Prof Walter Biffl, Scripps Memorial Hospital, USA
Prof Markus W Buechler, University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
Dr. Jeffrey Galinkin, The Medical Center of Aurora, USA
Prof Christoph E Heyde, University Hospital Leipzig, Germany
Prof James Kellam, Carolinas Medical Center, USA
Dr Fernando Kim, Denver Health Medical Center, USA 
Prof Martin A Makary, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, USA 
Dr Claudia Medina, IPS Universitaria Clinica Leon XIII, Colombia
Prof Philip S Mehler, Eating Recovery Center, USA
Prof Ernest E Moore, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Prof Hans-Christoph Pape, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
Prof Rodrigo Pesántez, Universidad de los Andes Bogotá, Colombia
Dr. Carlos Rodriguez, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, USA
Prof Andrew H Schmidt, Minnesota University, USA
Dr Jeffrey Smith, Orthopaedic Trauma & Fracture Specialist Medical Corp, USA
Prof Wade R Smith, Swedish Medical Center, USA
Prof Adam Starr, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, USA
Prof Charles Vincent, University of Oxford, UK
Dr Boris A. Zelle, University of Texas Health, USA
Prof Bruce Ziran, Hughston Clinic at Gwinnett Medical Center, USA

Statistical Advisors
Dr Stefan Sauerland, Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Healthcare (IQWiG), Germany
Dr Allison E Williams, Bay Pines VA Health Care System, USA

Editorial Board
Prof Fernando Baldy dos Reis, UNIFESP-Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil
Prof Jeffrey Barkun, McGill University Health Center, Canada
Dr Nathan C Butler, University of California Davis, USA
Dr. Bayley E. Clarke, Georgetown University, USA
Dr Ted Clarke, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Prof Nicolas Demartines, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland
Dr Johannes Fakler, University of Leipzig, Germany
Prof Beat Gloor, University of Bern, Switzerland
Dr Andrew Grose, Westchester Medical Center, USA 
Prof Dieter Hahnloser, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland
Prof Jiandong Hao, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, China
Prof Kirk Hogan, University of Wisconsin, USA
Prof Markus Huber-Lang, University of Ulm, Germany
Dr Kyros Ipaktchi, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Dr Thilo John, DRK Hospital Berlin-Westend, Germany 
Dr Jeffrey L Johnson, Henry Ford Hospital, USA
Prof Jeffry Kashuk, Tel Aviv University-Sackler School of Medicine, Israel
Prof Christian K Lackner, LMU University, Germany
Dr Geeta Lal, University of Iowa, USA
Dr Alan Lembitz, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Prof Matthias Majetschak, Loyola University, USA
Dr Timothy Moore, MetroHealth Medical Center, USA
Dr John Mukhopadhaya, Mukhopadhaya Orthopaedic Clinic, India
Prof Giuseppe Nigri, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Dr Lena Nilsson, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden
Dr Fredric Pieracci, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Dr Andrew Robson, University of Edinburgh, UK
Dr Jeffrey Varnell, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Dr Ryan Will, Olympia Orthopaedic Association, USA
Dr Gerald Zarlengo, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies, USA