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  1. Most of the scoring systems to predict difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy are based on pre-operative clinical and radiological findings. Recently the Parkland Grading Scale system was introduced as a simpl...

    Authors: Anup Shrestha, Abhishek Bhattarai, Kishor Kumar Tamrakar, Manoj Chand, Samjhana Yonjan Tamang, Sampada Adhikari and Harish Chandra Neupane
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2023 17:12
  2. Effective communication is a fundamental step in providing best medical care and recognized as vital component of clinical anesthesia practice. Poor communication adversely affects patients’ safety and outcome...

    Authors: Yophtahe Woldegerima Berhe, Temesgen Agegnehu, Mulualem Endeshaw, Nurhusen Riskey and Getasew Kassaw
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2023 17:11
  3. Retained surgical sharps (RSS) is a “never event” that is preventable but may still occur despite of correct count and negative X-ray. This study assesses the feasibility of a novel device (“Melzi Sharps Finde...

    Authors: Hae Sung Kang, Jad Khoraki, Jessie Gie, Dielle Duval, Susan Haynes, Michael Siev, Jay Shah, Fernando Kim, Martin Mangino, Levi Procter, Riccardo Autorino and Samuel Weprin
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2023 17:10
  4. Compliance with perioperative anticoagulation guidelines is essential to minimize bleeding and thromboembolic risks in patients undergoing surgery. Compared to vitamin-K antagonists (VKAs), perioperative manag...

    Authors: Lizzie Munk, Tom van Essen, Casper van der Hoeven, Peter A. Nolte and Matthijs L. Becker
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2023 17:9
  5. Most surgical specimen errors occur in the pre-analysis stage, which can be prevented. This study aims to identify errors related to surgical pathology specimens in one of the most comprehensive healthcare cen...

    Authors: Seyed Saeed Tabatabaee, Vahid Ghavami, Rohollah Kalhor, Mohammad Amerzadeh and Hadi Zomorrodi-Niat
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2023 17:8
  6. The early surge of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic introduced a significant clinical challenge due to the high case-fatality rate in absence of evidence-based recommendations. The empiri...

    Authors: Adam C. Delgado, Brendon Cornett, Ye Ji Choi, Christina Colosimo, Vincent P. Stahel, Oliwier Dziadkowiec and Philip F. Stahel
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2023 17:7
  7. Traction tables have long been utilized in the management of fractures by orthopaedic surgeons. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to determine the complications inherent to ...

    Authors: Andrea Attenasio, Matthew J. Kraeutler, Ian S. Hong, Suriya Baskar, Deepak V. Patel, Craig Wright, Jaclyn M. Jankowski, Frank A. Liporace and Richard S. Yoon
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2023 17:5
  8. Open laparotomy with gastroenterological surgery is a surgical procedure results in a relatively high rate (about 10% or more) of incisional surgical site infection (SSI). To reduce incisional SSI after open l...

    Authors: Hiroshi Isozaki
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2023 17:4
  9. Invasive surgical procedures carry risk of harm to patients. In addition to avoidable harm, disparities between patient expectations and the outcome of a procedure may lead to patient injury claims. The follow...

    Authors: Maiju Welling and Annika Takala
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2023 17:3
  10. The distal great saphenous vein is a popular site for venous access by means of percutaneous cannulation or venous cutdown in a hemodynamically unstable patient. The aim of this study was to precisely define t...

    Authors: Samitha A. M. D. R. U. Senevirathne, Hesitha K. V. Nimana, Ratnasingam Pirannavan, Poorni Fernando, Karahin A. Salvin, Udari A. Liyanage, Ajith P. Malalasekera, Yasith Mathangasinghe and Dimonge J. Anthony
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2023 17:2
  11. Ipsilateral femoral neck and hip fractures are uncommon high energy injuries. In the literature no single method of treatment has emerged as superior to the others. A recent publication has documented the succ...

    Authors: Marlon M. Mencia and Pablo Pedro Hernandez Cruz
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2023 17:1
  12. Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring is recommended for severe traumatic brain injuries (TBI) but some data suggests it may not improve outcomes. The objective was to investigate the effect of ICP monitoring...

    Authors: Christopher W. Foote, Stephanie Jarvis, Xuan-Lan Doan, Jordan Guice, Bianca Cruz, Cheryl Vanier, Alejandro Betancourt, David Bar-Or and Carlos H. Palacio
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:40
  13. Popliteal artery injury following knee dislocation is associated with significant morbidity and high amputation rates. The complex and multi-disciplinary input required to manage this injury effectively can ta...

    Authors: Joseph Edwards, Rebecca N. Treffalls, Hossam Abdou, David P. Stonko, Patrick F. Walker and Jonathan J. Morrison
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:39
  14. The Gleason grading system is an important clinical practice for diagnosing prostate cancer in pathology images. However, this analysis results in significant variability among pathologists, hence creating pos...

    Authors: Maíra Suzuka Kudo, Vinicius Meneguette Gomes de Souza, Carmen Liane Neubarth Estivallet, Henrique Alves de Amorim, Fernando J. Kim, Katia Ramos Moreira Leite and Matheus Cardoso Moraes
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:36
  15. The air in an operating room becomes more contaminated as the occupancy of the room increases. Individuals residing in a room can potentially emit infectious agents. In order to inhibit and better understand t...

    Authors: Gregory T. Carroll, David L. Kirschman and Angela Mammana
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:35
  16. Physician Assistant (PA) have been deployed to increase the capacity of a team, supporting continuity and medical cover. The goal of this study was to assess the implementation of PAs on continuity of surgical...

    Authors: Sascha Halvachizadeh, Sarper Goezmen, Sibylle Schuster, Michel Teuben, Matthias Baechtold, Pascal Probst, Fabian Hauswirth and Markus K. Muller
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:34
  17. The teach-back method is a communication tool that can improve patient safety and shared decision-making. Its utility in patient care has been studied extensively in many areas of clinical medicine. However, t...

    Authors: Kevin D. Seely, Jordan A. Higgs, Lindsey Butts, Jason M. Roe, Colton B. Merrill, Isain Zapata and Andrew Nigh
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:33
  18. Continuous body temperature monitoring during perioperative care is enabled by using a non-invasive “zero-heat-flux” (ZHF) device. However, rigorous evaluation of whether continuous monitoring capability impro...

    Authors: Judy Munday, David Sturgess, Sabrina Oishi, Jess Bendeich, Allison Kearney and Clint Douglas
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:32
  19. Traumatic aortic injuries (TAIs) are rare but are associated with a high mortality. Prior studies have shown skiers and pilots, whose injuries occur at high altitudes, are at an increased risk for a TAI. The p...

    Authors: Stephanie Jarvis, Patrick Rudersdorf, James Poling, Andreas Hennig, Kristin Salottolo, Travis Bouchard, Allen Tanner, Wendy Erickson, Sidra Bhuller, Logan Ouderkirk, Jeffrey Simpson, Kaysie Banton, Elizabeth Kim and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:31
  20. The decision-making for admission versus emergent transfer of patients with blunt splenic injuries presenting to remote trauma centers with limited resources remains a challenge. Although splenectomy is standa...

    Authors: Constance McGraw, Charles W. Mains, Jodie Taylor, Cecile D’Huyvetter, Kristin Salottolo and David Bar-Or
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:30
  21. According to the Polish law, each patient has the right to refuse to consent to a medical procedure, even if the refusal concerns a life-saving procedure. It may be difficult for a physician to accept this kin...

    Authors: K. Kocańda, S. Głuszek, M. K. Szerla and M. Domagała
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:29
  22. Reprocess reusable surgical instruments during steam sterilization; damage occurs to sharp scissor blades in close position, so steam cannot reach the blades. Surgical instruments' management requires standard...

    Authors: Natthacha Chiannilkulchai and Peinjit Bhumisirikul
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:28
  23. Maintenance of adequate peripheral perfusion during controlled hypotension is necessary for patient safety and improved surgical outcomes during controlled hypotension in nasal surgery. The hypothesis of this ...

    Authors: Alshaimaa Abdel Fattah Kamel, Marwa Mohamed Medhat, Dina Abdelhameed Elsadek Salem and Sara Mohamed Abdel Naby
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:27
  24. Airborne transmission diseases can transfer long and short distances via sneezing, coughing, and breathing. These airborne repertory particles can convert to aerosol particles and travel with airflow. During t...

    Authors: Parastoo Sadeghian, Yang Bi, Guangyu Cao and Sasan Sadrizadeh
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:26
  25. Partial fibular osteotomy has been recognized as a surgical alternative to treat medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. Related peroneal neuropathies are of concern among the relatively few complicatio...

    Authors: Yu-Sheng Chen, Chyun-Yu Yang, Chih-Wei Chang and Yen-Nien Chen
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:25
  26. The efficient use of operating room is important to ensure optimum cost–benefit for the hospital and to reduce elective surgery waiting times. We introduced a concept of non-commissioned “Twilight” operating r...

    Authors: Bee Shan Ong, Rebecca Thomas and Simon Jenkins
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:23
  27. While extensive data are available on the postponement of elective surgical procedures due to the COVID-19 pandemic for Germany, data on the impact on emergency procedures is limited.

    Authors: Richard Hunger, Volker König, Rosi Stillger and René Mantke
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:22
  28. Ministry of Health (MOH) of Ethiopia adopted World Health Organization’s evidence-proven surgical safety checklist (SSC) to reduce the occurrence of surgical complications, i.e., death, disability and prolong ...

    Authors: Manuel Kassaye Sibhatu, Desalegn Bekele Taye, Senedu Bekele Gebreegziabher, Edlawit Mesfin, Hassen Mohammed Bashir and John Varallo
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:20
  29. The concept of physicians referring patients to their own healthcare entities is considered a “self-referral”. A discerning factor of a self-referral is when the physician has a financial interest in the entit...

    Authors: Amrita Shenoy, Gopinath N. Shenoy and Gayatri G. Shenoy
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:19
  30. Covering the prepared sterile back tables (PSBTs) during periods of nonuse and during active surgeries may decrease contamination of sterile surgical instruments that have direct contact to surgical wound. The...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Zarei, Saeed Babajani-Vafsi, Mohammad Hassan Kazemi-Galougahi, Ashraf Bakhshi, Neda Mirbagher Ajorpaz and Mahdi Ghorbani
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:18
  31. Since publication of the surgical safety checklist by the WHO in 2009, it has been introduced in many hospitals. However, frequency and quality of surgical safety checklist use is often low probably limiting t...

    Authors: Annemarie Fridrich, Anita Imhof and David L. B. Schwappach
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:17
  32. In Japan, dilatation & curettage (D&C) has been performed under general anesthesia as a surgery for an early pregnancy miscarriage for a long time. In 2016, manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) under general anesthe...

    Authors: Toshiyuki Kakinuma, Kaoru Kakinuma, Ayaka Kaneko, Masataka Kagimoto, Yoshimasa Kawarai, Motomasa Ihara, Koyomi Saito, Yoshio Matsuda, Michitaka Ohwada, Hirokazu Tanaka, Nobuhiro Takeshima and Kaoru Yanagida
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:16
  33. The notion that all acute hip fractures are a surgical entity requiring either surgical fracture fixation or hip replacement represents a historic dogma, particularly within the orthopaedic community of the Un...

    Authors: Juan Manuel Vinas-Rios, Jan-Henning Wölm, Richard Martin Sellei and Andreas Ladenburger
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:15
  34. Surgical patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are vulnerable to increased perioperative complications and postoperative mortality, independent of the risk for contracting COVID-19 pneumonia after ...

    Authors: Vincent P. Stahel, Samson D. Blum and Pratibha Anand
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:14
  35. Formal surgical risk assessment tools have been developed to predict risk of adverse postoperative patient outcomes. Such tools accurately predict common postoperative complications, inform patients and provid...

    Authors: Nisha Pradhan, Adam R. Dyas, Michael R. Bronsert, Anne Lambert-Kerzner, William G. Henderson, Howe Qiu, Kathryn L. Colborn, Nicholas J. Mason and Robert A. Meguid
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:13
  36. The teach-back method is a valuable communication tool that can be employed to improve patient safety and shared decision-making. Its utility in patient care has been studied extensively in many areas of clini...

    Authors: Kevin D. Seely, Jordan A. Higgs and Andrew Nigh
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:12
  37. As electric bicycles (e-bikes) become increasingly popular, reports of injuries associated with e-bike usage are also rising. Patterns, characteristics, and severity of injuries following e-bike crashes need f...

    Authors: Till Berk, Sascha Halvachizadeh, Johannnes Backup, Yannik Kalbas, Thomas Rauer, Ralph Zettl, Hans-Christoph Pape, Florian Hess and Jo Ellen Welter
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:11
  38. The definition of defensive medicine has evolved over time given various permutations and combinations. The underlying meaning, however, has persisted in its relevance towards two classifications, positive and...

    Authors: Amrita Shenoy, Gopinath N. Shenoy and Gayatri G. Shenoy
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:10
  39. The assurance of patient safety in emergency general surgery remains challenging due to the patients’ high-risk underlying conditions and the wide variability in emergency surgical care provided around the glo...

    Authors: Philip F. Stahel, Lorenzo Cobianchi, Francesca Dal Mas, Simon Paterson-Brown, Boris E. Sakakushev, Christine Nguyen, Gustavo P. Fraga, Steven Yule, Dimitrios Damaskos, Andrew J. Healey, Walter Biffl, Luca Ansaloni and Fausto Catena
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:8
  40. In spite of the global implementation of standardized surgical safety checklists and evidence-based practices, general surgery remains associated with a high residual risk of preventable perioperative complica...

    Authors: Ana Isabel Pérez Zapata, Elías Rodríguez Cuéllar, Marta de la Fuente Bartolomé, Cristina Martín-Arriscado Arroba, María Teresa García Morales, Carmelo Loinaz Segurola, Manuel Giner Nogueras, Ángel Tejido Sánchez, Pedro Ruiz López and Eduardo Ferrero Herrero
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:7
  41. Current literature suggests that wrong-level spine surgery is relatively common with far-reaching consequences. This study aims to assess the current practices of spinal surgeons across the UK with respect to ...

    Authors: Ali Zain Naqvi, Henry Magill and Naffis Anjarwalla
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:6
  42. Proximal humerus fractures (PHF) are frequent, however, several studies show low inter-rater agreement in the diagnosis and treatment of these injuries. Differences are usually related to the experience of the...

    Authors: Luiz Fernando Cocco, André Yui Aihara, Flávia Paiva Proença Lobo Lopes, Heron Werner, Carlos Eduardo Franciozi, Fernando Baldy dos Reis and Marcus Vinicius Malheiros Luzo
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:5
  43. Tracheal tubes are routinely used during anaesthesia and in the intensive care unit. Subjective monitoring of cuff pressures have been reported to produce consistently inappropriate cuffs pressures, with atten...

    Authors: Arinze Duke George Nwosu, Edmund Ndudi Ossai, Fidelis Anayo Onyekwulu, Adaobi Obianuju Amucheazi, Richard Ewah, Okechukwu Onwuasoigwe and Irene Akhideno
    Citation: Patient Safety in Surgery 2022 16:4

Prof Philip F Stahel, Mission Health, USA
Prof Pierre-Alain Clavien, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland

Managing Editors
Prof Sebastian Weckbach, University Hospital Ulm, Germany
Dr Navid Ziran, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Arizona, USA

Senior Editor Emeritus
Dr Steven Schelkun,  AO North America, USA
Prof George Youngson, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Scotland

Associate Editors
Prof Walter Biffl, Scripps Memorial Hospital, USA
Prof Markus W Buechler, University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
Dr Jeffrey Galinkin, The Medical Center of Aurora, USA
Prof Christoph E Heyde, University Hospital Leipzig, Germany
Prof James Kellam, Carolinas Medical Center, USA
Dr Fernando Kim, Denver Health Medical Center, USA 
Prof Martin A Makary, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, USA 
Dr Claudia Medina, IPS Universitaria Clinica Leon XIII, Colombia
Prof Philip S Mehler, Eating Recovery Center, USA
Prof Ernest E Moore, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Prof Hans-Christoph Pape, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
Prof Rodrigo Pesántez, Universidad de los Andes Bogotá, Colombia
Dr Carlos Rodriguez, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, USA
Prof Andrew H Schmidt, Minnesota University, USA
Dr Andie Slivinski, Mission Health, USA
Dr Jeffrey Smith, Orthopaedic Trauma & Fracture Specialist Medical Corp, USA
Prof Wade R Smith, Swedish Medical Center, USA
Prof Adam Starr, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, USA
Prof Charles Vincent, University of Oxford, UK
Dr Boris A. Zelle, University of Texas Health, USA
Prof Bruce Ziran, Hughston Clinic at Gwinnett Medical Center, USA

Statistical Advisors
Dr Stefan Sauerland, Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Healthcare (IQWiG), Germany
Dr Allison E Williams, Bay Pines VA Health Care System, USA

Editorial Board
Prof Fernando Baldy dos Reis, UNIFESP-Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil
Prof Jeffrey Barkun, McGill University Health Center, Canada
Dr Nathan C Butler, University of California Davis, USA
Dr. Bayley E. Clarke, Georgetown University, USA
Dr Ted Clarke, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Prof Nicolas Demartines, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland
Dr Johannes Fakler, University of Leipzig, Germany
Prof Beat Gloor, University of Bern, Switzerland
Dr Andrew Grose, Westchester Medical Center, USA 
Prof Dieter Hahnloser, University Hospital Lausanne (CHUV), Switzerland
Prof Jiandong Hao, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, China
Prof Kirk Hogan, University of Wisconsin, USA
Prof Markus Huber-Lang, University of Ulm, Germany
Dr Kyros Ipaktchi, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Dr Thilo John, DRK Hospital Berlin-Westend, Germany 
Dr Jeffrey L Johnson, Henry Ford Hospital, USA
Prof Jeffry Kashuk, Tel Aviv University-Sackler School of Medicine, Israel
Prof Christian K Lackner, LMU University, Germany
Dr Geeta Lal, University of Iowa, USA
Dr Alan Lembitz, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Prof Matthias Majetschak, Loyola University, USA
Dr Timothy Moore, MetroHealth Medical Center, USA
Dr John Mukhopadhaya, Mukhopadhaya Orthopaedic Clinic, India
Prof Giuseppe Nigri, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Dr Lena Nilsson, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden
Dr Fredric Pieracci, Denver Health Medical Center, USA
Dr Andrew Robson, University of Edinburgh, UK
Dr Jeffrey Varnell, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies (COPIC), USA
Dr Ryan Will, Olympia Orthopaedic Association, USA
Dr Gerald Zarlengo, Colorado Physician Insurance Companies, USA